Fish Infected with Sphaerospora spp. Thélohan (Myxosporea) from Waters Enzootic for Proliferative Kidney Disease of Salmonids

Ronald Hedrick, M. L. KENT, R. J. TOTH, J. K. MORRISON

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Abstract

ABSTRACT. Sphaerospores were found among three species of fish examined from waters known to be enzootic for proliferative kidney disease (PKD) of salmonids. They were detected in the renal tubules of both hatchery‐reared rainbow trout (Salmo gairdneri) exposed to the infectious stage of PKD and in chubs (Gila bicolor) in the headwaters of a hatchery where PKD is enzootic. Sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus) collected near net pens where Pacific salmon had experienced a PKD epizootic were also found to harbor sphaerospores in the lumen of the kidney tubules. The latter two host species contained developmental stages of a myxosporidan in the blood and in the lumen of the kidney tubules which are similar to those of PKX, the causative agent of PKD in salmonid fish. The sphaerospores observed in the rainbow trout are the first to be observed in this species. The similarity to previously observed developmental stages, rarity, and presence of these sphaerospores in salmonid fish from a hatchery where PKD is enzootic suggest that they are the most mature stage of the PKX myxosporidan yet observed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-18
Number of pages6
JournalThe Journal of Protozoology
Volume35
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology

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