First-in-human, open-label dose-escalation and dose-expansion study of the safety, pharmacokinetics, and antitumor effects of an oral ALK inhibitor ASP3026 in patients with advanced solid tumors

Tianhong Li, Patricia LoRusso, Michael L. Maitland, Sai Hong Ignatius Ou, Erkut Bahceci, Howard A. Ball, Jung Wook Park, Geoffrey Yuen, Anthony Tolcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: ASP3026 is a second-generation anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) inhibitor that has potent in vitro activity against crizotinib-resistant ALK-positive tumors. This open-label, multicenter, first-in-human phase I study (NCT01284192) assessed the safety, pharmacokinetic profile, and antitumor activity of ASP3026. Methods: Advanced solid tumor patients received oral ASP3026 in 3 + 3 dose-escalation cohorts at doses of 25-800 mg once daily in 28-day cycles. The endpoints were to identify the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), the recommended phase II dose (RP2D), and the pharmacokinetic profile of ASP3026. A phase Ib expansion cohort enrolled patients with metastatic, crizotinib-resistant ALK-positive solid tumors at the RP2D, and response was evaluated by RECIST 1.1. Results: The dose-escalation cohort enrolled 33 patients, including three crizotinib-resistant, ALK-positive patients, and the dose-expansion cohort enrolled another 13 crizotinib-resistant, ALK-positive non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. ASP3026 demonstrated both linear pharmacokinetics and dose-proportional exposure for area under the plasma concentration-time curve and maximum concentration observed with a median terminal half-life of 35 h, supporting the daily dosing. Grade 3 rash and elevated transaminase concentrations were dose-limiting toxicities observed at 800 mg; hence, 525 mg daily was the MTD and RP2D. The most common treatment-related adverse events were nausea (38 %), fatigue (35 %), and vomiting (35 %). Among the 16 patients with crizotinib-resistant ALK-positive tumors (15 NSCLC, 1 neuroblastoma), eight patients achieved partial response (overall response rate 50 %; 95 % confidence interval 25-75 %) and seven patients (44 %) achieved stable disease. Conclusions: ASP3026 was well tolerated and had therapeutic activity in patients with crizotinib-resistant ALK-positive advanced tumors. Trial registration: ClinTrials.gov: NCT01284192

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number254
JournalJournal of Hematology and Oncology
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 10 2016

Keywords

  • ALK inhibitor
  • ASP3026
  • Neoplasms
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Phase I

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research
  • Molecular Biology

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