First Decade of Interfacial Iontronic Sensing: From Droplet Sensors to Artificial Skins

Yu Chang, Liu Wang, Ruya Li, Zhichao Zhang, Qi Wang, Junlong Yang, Chuan Fei Guo, Tingrui Pan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

39 Scopus citations


Over the past decade, a brand-new pressure- and tactile-sensing modality, known as iontronic sensing has emerged, utilizing the supercapacitive nature of the electrical double layer (EDL) that occurs at the electrolytic–electronic interface, leading to ultrahigh device sensitivity, high noise immunity, high resolution, high spatial definition, optical transparency, and responses to both static and dynamic stimuli, in addition to thin and flexible device architectures. Together, it offers unique combination of enabling features to tackle the grand challenges in pressure- and tactile-sensing applications, in particular, with recent interest and rapid progress in the development of robotic intelligence, electronic skin, wearable health as well as the internet-of-things, from both academic and industrial communities. A historical perspective of the iontronic sensing discovery, an overview of the fundamental working mechanism along with its device architectures, a survey of the unique material aspects and structural designs dedicated, and finally, a discussion of the newly enabled applications, technical challenges, and future outlooks are provided for this promising sensing modality with implementations. The state-of-the-art developments of the iontronic sensing technology in its first decade are summarized, potentially providing a technical roadmap for the next wave of innovations and breakthroughs in this field.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAdvanced Materials
StateAccepted/In press - 2020


  • droplet sensors
  • electrical double layer
  • flexible electronics
  • flexible pressure sensors
  • interfacial iontronics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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