Firearms licensee characteristics associated with sales of crime-involved firearms and denied sales: Findings from the firearms licensee survey

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3 Scopus citations


Efforts to prevent firearm violence focus in part on federal licensees-gun dealers and pawnbrokers. Some licensees account for disproportionate sales of firearms later used in crime or denied because of failed background checks. These characteristics tend to co-occur and have been used to identify licensees who may be important point sources of firearms used in crime. Using data from a forty-three-state survey, this study finds licensee and community attributes associated with these characteristics, including sales of inexpensive handguns, exposure to illegal activity, and location in a major metropolitan area. Respondents with disproportionate sales and denied sales express increased concern about firearm violence and support for policies to prevent it, suggesting that some important sources of crime-involved firearms could be significant partners in prevention efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)58-74
Number of pages17
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2017



  • Crime
  • Firearms
  • Law enforcement
  • Violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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