Firearms, alcohol and crime: Convictions for driving under the influence (DUI) and other alcohol-related crimes and risk for future criminal activity among authorised purchasers of handguns

Garen J Wintemute, Mona A. Wright, Alvaro Castillo-Carniglia, Aaron Shev, Magdalena Cerda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Firearm violence frequently involves alcohol, but there are no studies of misuse of alcohol and risk for future violence among firearm owners. We examined the association between prior convictions for alcohol-related crimes, chiefly driving under the influence (DUI), and risk of subsequent arrest among 4066 individuals who purchased handguns in California in 1977. During follow-up through 1991, 32.8% of those with prior alcohol-related convictions and 5.7% of those with no prior criminal history were arrested for a violent or firearm-related crime; 15.9% and 2.7%, respectively, were arrested for murder, rape, robbery or aggravated assault. Prior alcohol-related convictions were associated with a fourfold to fivefold increase in risk of incident arrest for a violent or firearm-related crime, a relative increase greater than that seen for age, sex or prior violence. Prior convictions for alcohol-related crime may be an important predictor of risk for future criminal activity among purchasers of firearms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalInjury Prevention
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 30 2017

Fingerprint

Firearms
Crime
Alcohols
Violence
Rape
Homicide
Driving Under the Influence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

@article{d8d797c01584466bbc8a25fffdf69ec0,
title = "Firearms, alcohol and crime: Convictions for driving under the influence (DUI) and other alcohol-related crimes and risk for future criminal activity among authorised purchasers of handguns",
abstract = "Firearm violence frequently involves alcohol, but there are no studies of misuse of alcohol and risk for future violence among firearm owners. We examined the association between prior convictions for alcohol-related crimes, chiefly driving under the influence (DUI), and risk of subsequent arrest among 4066 individuals who purchased handguns in California in 1977. During follow-up through 1991, 32.8{\%} of those with prior alcohol-related convictions and 5.7{\%} of those with no prior criminal history were arrested for a violent or firearm-related crime; 15.9{\%} and 2.7{\%}, respectively, were arrested for murder, rape, robbery or aggravated assault. Prior alcohol-related convictions were associated with a fourfold to fivefold increase in risk of incident arrest for a violent or firearm-related crime, a relative increase greater than that seen for age, sex or prior violence. Prior convictions for alcohol-related crime may be an important predictor of risk for future criminal activity among purchasers of firearms.",
author = "Wintemute, {Garen J} and Wright, {Mona A.} and Alvaro Castillo-Carniglia and Aaron Shev and Magdalena Cerda",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "30",
doi = "10.1136/injuryprev-2016-042181",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Injury Prevention",
issn = "1353-8047",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Firearms, alcohol and crime

T2 - Convictions for driving under the influence (DUI) and other alcohol-related crimes and risk for future criminal activity among authorised purchasers of handguns

AU - Wintemute, Garen J

AU - Wright, Mona A.

AU - Castillo-Carniglia, Alvaro

AU - Shev, Aaron

AU - Cerda, Magdalena

PY - 2017/1/30

Y1 - 2017/1/30

N2 - Firearm violence frequently involves alcohol, but there are no studies of misuse of alcohol and risk for future violence among firearm owners. We examined the association between prior convictions for alcohol-related crimes, chiefly driving under the influence (DUI), and risk of subsequent arrest among 4066 individuals who purchased handguns in California in 1977. During follow-up through 1991, 32.8% of those with prior alcohol-related convictions and 5.7% of those with no prior criminal history were arrested for a violent or firearm-related crime; 15.9% and 2.7%, respectively, were arrested for murder, rape, robbery or aggravated assault. Prior alcohol-related convictions were associated with a fourfold to fivefold increase in risk of incident arrest for a violent or firearm-related crime, a relative increase greater than that seen for age, sex or prior violence. Prior convictions for alcohol-related crime may be an important predictor of risk for future criminal activity among purchasers of firearms.

AB - Firearm violence frequently involves alcohol, but there are no studies of misuse of alcohol and risk for future violence among firearm owners. We examined the association between prior convictions for alcohol-related crimes, chiefly driving under the influence (DUI), and risk of subsequent arrest among 4066 individuals who purchased handguns in California in 1977. During follow-up through 1991, 32.8% of those with prior alcohol-related convictions and 5.7% of those with no prior criminal history were arrested for a violent or firearm-related crime; 15.9% and 2.7%, respectively, were arrested for murder, rape, robbery or aggravated assault. Prior alcohol-related convictions were associated with a fourfold to fivefold increase in risk of incident arrest for a violent or firearm-related crime, a relative increase greater than that seen for age, sex or prior violence. Prior convictions for alcohol-related crime may be an important predictor of risk for future criminal activity among purchasers of firearms.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85012027393&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85012027393&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1136/injuryprev-2016-042181

DO - 10.1136/injuryprev-2016-042181

M3 - Article

C2 - 28137977

AN - SCOPUS:85012027393

JO - Injury Prevention

JF - Injury Prevention

SN - 1353-8047

ER -