Finnish case-control and family studies support PTPN22 R620W polymorphism as a risk factor in rheumatoid arthritis, but suggest only minimal or no effect in juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Michael F Seldin, R. Shigeta, K. Laiho, H. Li, H. Saila, A. Savolainen, M. Leirisalo-Repo, K. Aho, E. Tuomilehto-Wolf, K. Kaarela, M. Kauppi, H. C. Alexander, A. B. Begovich, J. Tuomilehto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

Several studies have identified the PTPN22 allelic variant 1858 C/T that encodes the R620W amino-acid change as a putative susceptibility factor in autoimmune diseases. The current study was undertaken to examine a large cohort of Finnish rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) subjects using both population control and, importantly, family-based association methods. The latter is particularly important when, as is the case for the 1858 C/T polymorphism, the frequency of the variant allele (T) differs in both major ancestral populations and in subpopulations. The analysis of rheumatoid factor-positive 1030 RA probands from Finland provides strong support for association of this variant in both population studies (allele specific odds ratio (OR) = 1.47, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.27 -1.70, P = 3 × 10-7) and in family studies (P<10-6). In contrast, no allelic association was seen with JIA (230 probands) and only weak evidence for a genotypic effect of 1858T homozygotes was observed in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)720-722
Number of pages3
JournalGenes and Immunity
Volume6
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2005

Keywords

  • Juvenile idiopathic arthritis
  • PTPN 22
  • Rheumatoid arthritis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)
  • Immunology
  • Genetics

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