For two large California dairy herds with twice daily milking, 171 infected quarters of lactating cows with mild clinical mastitis were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups. Group A (50 cows) was treated with 62.5 mg of intramammary amoxicillin every 12 h for three milkings. Group C (50 cows) was treated with 200 mg of intramammary cephapirin every 12 h for two milkings. Group O (71 cows) was treated with 100 U of intramuscular oxytocin every 12 h for three milkings. Clinical cure rates did not differ among treatment groups. The cost per episode of clinical mastitis was higher ($54.47) for group C than for groups A ($38.53) or O ($34.88). Group O had a higher incidence of relapse (41%), and a greater percentage of group O cows (65%) experienced an additional mastitic event in the enrolled lactation than did cows in groups A and C. Treatment had no effect on the mean number of nonsalable milkings (24.7) associated with mastitis in the lactation interval subsequent to enrollment on the trial. Twenty-two percent of the cows accrued more than 30 nonsalable milkings and produced 55% of the total nonsalable milkings associated with mastitis. There was no treatment effect on total milk production, fat production, or time to removal of the enrolled cows from the herd.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Dairy Science|
|State||Published - Sep 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Animal Science and Zoology
- Food Science