Filter wheel equalization for chest radiography: A computer simulation

John M Boone, J. Duryea, R. M. Steiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


A chest radiographic equalization system using lung-shaped templates mounted on filter wheels is under development. Using this technique, 25 lung templates for each lung are available on two computer controlled wheels which are located in close proximity to the x-ray tube. The large magnification factor (> 10x) of the templates assures low-frequency equalization due to the blurring of the focal spot. A low-dose image is acquired without templates using a (generic) digital receptor, the image is analyzed, and the left and right lung fields are automatically identified using software developed for this purpose. The most appropriate left and right lung templates are independently selected and are positioned into the field of view at the proper location under computer control. Once the templates are positioned, acquisition of the equalized radiographic image onto film commences at clinical exposure levels. The templates reduce the exposure to the lung fields by attenuating a fraction of the incident x-ray fluence so that the exposure to the mediastinum and diaphragm areas can be increased without overexposing the lungs. A data base of 824 digitized chest radiographs was used to determine the shape of the specific lung templates, for both left and right lung fields. A second independent data base of 208 images was used to test the performance of the templates using computer simulations. The template shape characteristics derived from the clinical image data base are demonstrated. The detected exposure in the lung fields on conventional chest radiographs was found to be, on average, three times the detected exposure behind the diaphragm and mediastinum. The simulated filter wheel equalization technique yielded detected exposure levels that were approximately equal in both the lung fields and the rest of the image. In addition to illustrating that the filter-wheel equalization technique may be feasible for chest radiography, the simulations also provided important information for the mechanical construction of a filter wheel equalization system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1029-1037
Number of pages9
JournalMedical Physics
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1995


  • chest radiography
  • computer simulation
  • filter wheel
  • radiographic equalization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics


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