Field testing of prophylactic measures against Cryptosporidium parvum infection in calves in a California dairy herd

James A. Harp, Phillip Jardon, Edward R Atwill, Mike Zylstra, Stephanie Checel, Jesse P. Goff, Claudio De Simone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective - To test the ability of oral vaccination or probiotic treatment with lactic acid-producing bacteria to protect calves from Cryptosporidium parvum infection under field conditions. Animals - 134 Holstein calves born on a dairy farm where cryptosporidiosis was endemic. Procedure - Calves were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatment groups at birth. Calves in the vaccine group received an oral dose of C parvum vaccine within several hours of birth. Calves in the bacteria group received an oral dose of lactic acid-producing bacteria daily for the first 10 days after birth. Control calves were not treated. All calves were monitored for diarrhea and fecal shedding of C parvum oocysts for 3 weeks. Results - There were no significant differences in the incidence of diarrhea and oocyst shedding among the 3 groups. Conclusions - Neither vaccination nor probiotic treatment was effective in preventing C parvum infection in calves under field conditions. High numbers of C parvum in the environment may have overwhelmed any potential benefits of these regimens. Further work is necessary to develop effective prophylaxis against C parvum under field conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1586-1588
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume57
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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