Field evaluation of a blood based test for active tuberculosis in endemic settings

Aasia Khaliq, Resmi Ravindran, Syed Fahadulla Hussainy, Viswanathan V Krishnan, Atiqa Ambreen, Noshin Wasim Yusuf, Shagufta Irum, Abdul Rashid, Muhammad Jamil, Fareed Zaffar, Muhammad Nawaz Chaudhry, Puneet K. Gupta, Muhammad Waheed Akhtar, Imran Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Over 9 million new active tuberculosis (TB) cases emerge each year from an enormous pool of 2 billion individuals latently infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb.) worldwide. About 3 million new TB cases per year are unaccounted for, and 1.5 million die. TB, however, is generally curable if diagnosed correctly and in a timely manner. The current diagnostic methods for TB, including state-of-the-art molecular tests, have failed in delivering the capacity needed in endemic countries to curtail this ongoing pandemic. Efficient, cost effective and scalable diagnostic approaches are critically needed. We report a multiplex TB serology panel using microbead suspension array containing a combination of 11 M.tb. antigens that demonstrated overall sensitivity of 91% in serum/plasma samples from TB patients confirmed by culture. Group wise sensitivities for sputum smear positive and negative patients were 95%, and 88%, respectively. Specificity of the test was 96% in untreated COPD patients and 91% in general healthy population. The sensitivity of this test is superior to that of the frontline sputum smear test with a comparable specificity (30-70%, and 93- 99%, respectively). The multiplex serology test can be performed with scalability from 1 to 360 patients per day, and is amenable to automation for higher (1000s per day) throughput, thus enabling a scalable clinical work flow model for TB endemic countries. Taken together, the above results suggest that well defined antibody profiles in blood, analyzed by an appropriate technology platform, offer a valuable approach to TB diagnostics in endemic countries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0173359
JournalPLoS One
Volume12
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

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