Fibronectin isoform distribution in the mouse: II. Differential distribution of the alternatively spliced EIIIB, EIIIA, and V segments in the adult mouse

John H. Peters, Ge Chen, Richard O. Hynes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

The alternatively spliced EIIIB, EIIIA, and V segments of fibronectin (FN) show widespread codistribution in the mouse embryo, suggesting that EIIIB+, EIIIA+, and V+ isoforms serve to facilitate morphogenesis and organogenesis (Peters, JH, and Hynes, RO, 1996, this issue). To gain further clues to functions of these segments, we have used segment-specific anti-FN antibodies to perform immunofluorescence microscopy on tissue sections obtained from mice aged 9 to 15 weeks. Staining for each of the three spliced segments, relative to that for the total FN pool, was reduced in the adult as compared with the embryo. Anti-V antibodies produced patterns which were most similar to those obtained with anti-total FN antibodies, localizing to basement membranes, connective tissues subjacent to epithelia, walls of blood vessels, and cartilage. Anti-EIIIA antibodies produced the next most widespread pattern, which included prominent staining of the walls of blood vessels of all sizes, the lung interstitium, and smooth muscle associated with the gastrointestinal (GI), genitourinary (GU), and respiratory tracts. Although anti-EIIIB antibodies produced the faintest and most restricted pattern of staining, EIIIB+ FN could be detected in the walls of some smaller blood vessels, smooth muscle of the GI, GU, and respiratory tracts, as well as within cartilaginous structures, and eye. There were quantitative and/or qualitative differences in the staining patterns produced by the three segment-specific antibodies in a variety of tissues, including liver, cartilage, synovium, cornea, muscle, peripheral nerve, and lymph node. These findings suggest that each of the spliced segments of the FN molecule may occupy unique physical or functional positions within the extracellular matrix of the adult mouse.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)127-148
Number of pages22
JournalCell Communication and Adhesion
Volume4
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1996
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Alternative Spicing
  • Basement Membranes
  • Blood Vessels
  • Cartilage
  • Development
  • Extracellular Matrix
  • Fibronectin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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