Feline non-repetitive mitochondrial DNA control region database for forensic evidence

Robert A Grahn, J. D. Kurushima, N. C. Billings, J. C. Grahn, J. L. Halverson, E. Hammer, C. K. Ho, T. J. Kun, J. K. Levy, M. J. Lipinski, J. M. Mwenda, H. Ozpinar, R. K. Schuster, S. J. Shoorijeh, C. R. Tarditi, N. E. Waly, E. J. Wictum, Leslie A Lyons

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The domestic cat is the one of the most popular pets throughout the world. A by-product of owning, interacting with, or being in a household with a cat is the transfer of shed fur to clothing or personal objects. As trace evidence, transferred cat fur is a relatively untapped resource for forensic scientists. Both phenotypic and genotypic characteristics can be obtained from cat fur, but databases for neither aspect exist. Because cats incessantly groom, cat fur may have nucleated cells, not only in the hair bulb, but also as epithelial cells on the hair shaft deposited during the grooming process, thereby generally providing material for DNA profiling. To effectively exploit cat hair as a resource, representative databases must be established. The current study evaluates 402 bp of the mtDNA control region (CR) from 1394 cats, including cats from 25 distinct worldwide populations and 26 breeds. Eighty-three percent of the cats are represented by 12 major mitotypes. An additional 8.0% are clearly derived from the major mitotypes. Unique sequences are found in 7.5% of the cats. The overall genetic diversity for this data set is 0.8813 ± 0.0046 with a random match probability of 11.8%. This region of the cat mtDNA has discriminatory power suitable for forensic application worldwide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-42
Number of pages10
JournalForensic Science International: Genetics
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

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Felidae
Mitochondrial DNA
Cats
Databases
Hair
Grooming
Clothing
DNA Fingerprinting
Pets
Epithelial Cells

Keywords

  • Control region
  • d-Loop
  • Domestic cat
  • Forensic science
  • Mitochondria
  • mtDNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Genetics

Cite this

Feline non-repetitive mitochondrial DNA control region database for forensic evidence. / Grahn, Robert A; Kurushima, J. D.; Billings, N. C.; Grahn, J. C.; Halverson, J. L.; Hammer, E.; Ho, C. K.; Kun, T. J.; Levy, J. K.; Lipinski, M. J.; Mwenda, J. M.; Ozpinar, H.; Schuster, R. K.; Shoorijeh, S. J.; Tarditi, C. R.; Waly, N. E.; Wictum, E. J.; Lyons, Leslie A.

In: Forensic Science International: Genetics, Vol. 5, No. 1, 01.2011, p. 33-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Grahn, RA, Kurushima, JD, Billings, NC, Grahn, JC, Halverson, JL, Hammer, E, Ho, CK, Kun, TJ, Levy, JK, Lipinski, MJ, Mwenda, JM, Ozpinar, H, Schuster, RK, Shoorijeh, SJ, Tarditi, CR, Waly, NE, Wictum, EJ & Lyons, LA 2011, 'Feline non-repetitive mitochondrial DNA control region database for forensic evidence', Forensic Science International: Genetics, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 33-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsigen.2010.01.013
Grahn, Robert A ; Kurushima, J. D. ; Billings, N. C. ; Grahn, J. C. ; Halverson, J. L. ; Hammer, E. ; Ho, C. K. ; Kun, T. J. ; Levy, J. K. ; Lipinski, M. J. ; Mwenda, J. M. ; Ozpinar, H. ; Schuster, R. K. ; Shoorijeh, S. J. ; Tarditi, C. R. ; Waly, N. E. ; Wictum, E. J. ; Lyons, Leslie A. / Feline non-repetitive mitochondrial DNA control region database for forensic evidence. In: Forensic Science International: Genetics. 2011 ; Vol. 5, No. 1. pp. 33-42.
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