Feline Hemotropic Mycoplasmas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Three species of hemotropic mycoplasmas are known to infect cats worldwide, Mycoplasma haemofelis, " Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis" and " Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum." These organisms were previously known as Haemobartonella felis, but are now known to be mycoplasmas. Assays based on polymerase chain reaction technology are the most sensitive and specific diagnostic tests available for these organisms. M haemofelis is the most pathogenic species, and causes hemolytic anemia in immunocompetent cats. Other differential diagnoses for hemolytic anemia should be considered in cats testing positive for " Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis" and " Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum," because the presence of these organisms is not always associated with anemia. Blood from infected cats should be handled with care because of the potential zoonotic nature of hemoplasma infections. The treatment of choice for cats with clinical disease is doxycycline.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1157-1170
Number of pages14
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Small Animal Practice
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

Keywords

  • Anemia
  • Feline immunodeficiency virus
  • Feline leukemia virus
  • Haemobartonella
  • Polymerase chain reaction
  • Zoonosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals

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