Feline chlamydiosis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chlamydiae are an important cause of acute and chronic conjunctivitis in cats. Until recently, only one organism was thought to infect cats, Chlamydophila felis (previously Chlamydia psittaci var. felis). Recently, other Chlamydia-like organisms belonging to the family Parachlamydiaceae, which comprises organisms that reside and proliferate within free-living amoeba, have been identified in cats with neutrophilic and eosinophilic conjunctivitis. The relative importance of these organisms and their amoebic hosts requires investigation. There is also weak evidence that chlamydiae may also be capable of causing reproductive tract disease and lameness in cats. Diagnosis of chlamydial conjunctivitis requires use of specialized culture techniques or the polymerase chain reaction. The antibiotic of choice to treat these infections is doxycycline; azithromycin is less effective. All cats in the household should be treated simultaneously. The zoonotic potential of these organisms appears low, but some precaution is warranted when handling affected cats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)129-134
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice
Volume20
Issue number2 SPEC. ISS.
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2005

Fingerprint

chlamydiosis
Felidae
Cats
cats
conjunctivitis
Conjunctivitis
Chlamydia
Felis
organisms
Parachlamydiaceae
Chlamydiales
Chlamydophila
Chlamydophila felis
Chlamydophila psittaci
azithromycin
Culture Techniques
Azithromycin
Amoeba
doxycycline
Doxycycline

Keywords

  • Azithromycin
  • Cats
  • Conjunctivitis
  • Doxycycline
  • Neochlamydia
  • Ocular
  • Parachlamydiae
  • Upper respiratory tract disease
  • Zoonosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Feline chlamydiosis. / Sykes, Jane E.

In: Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice, Vol. 20, No. 2 SPEC. ISS., 05.2005, p. 129-134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sykes, Jane E. / Feline chlamydiosis. In: Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice. 2005 ; Vol. 20, No. 2 SPEC. ISS. pp. 129-134.
@article{6d074fb2c8b24ab1a0fbadbb16973351,
title = "Feline chlamydiosis",
abstract = "Chlamydiae are an important cause of acute and chronic conjunctivitis in cats. Until recently, only one organism was thought to infect cats, Chlamydophila felis (previously Chlamydia psittaci var. felis). Recently, other Chlamydia-like organisms belonging to the family Parachlamydiaceae, which comprises organisms that reside and proliferate within free-living amoeba, have been identified in cats with neutrophilic and eosinophilic conjunctivitis. The relative importance of these organisms and their amoebic hosts requires investigation. There is also weak evidence that chlamydiae may also be capable of causing reproductive tract disease and lameness in cats. Diagnosis of chlamydial conjunctivitis requires use of specialized culture techniques or the polymerase chain reaction. The antibiotic of choice to treat these infections is doxycycline; azithromycin is less effective. All cats in the household should be treated simultaneously. The zoonotic potential of these organisms appears low, but some precaution is warranted when handling affected cats.",
keywords = "Azithromycin, Cats, Conjunctivitis, Doxycycline, Neochlamydia, Ocular, Parachlamydiae, Upper respiratory tract disease, Zoonosis",
author = "Sykes, {Jane E}",
year = "2005",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1053/j.ctsap.2004.12.018",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "20",
pages = "129--134",
journal = "Topics in Companion Animal Medicine",
issn = "1938-9736",
publisher = "W.B. Saunders Ltd",
number = "2 SPEC. ISS.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Feline chlamydiosis

AU - Sykes, Jane E

PY - 2005/5

Y1 - 2005/5

N2 - Chlamydiae are an important cause of acute and chronic conjunctivitis in cats. Until recently, only one organism was thought to infect cats, Chlamydophila felis (previously Chlamydia psittaci var. felis). Recently, other Chlamydia-like organisms belonging to the family Parachlamydiaceae, which comprises organisms that reside and proliferate within free-living amoeba, have been identified in cats with neutrophilic and eosinophilic conjunctivitis. The relative importance of these organisms and their amoebic hosts requires investigation. There is also weak evidence that chlamydiae may also be capable of causing reproductive tract disease and lameness in cats. Diagnosis of chlamydial conjunctivitis requires use of specialized culture techniques or the polymerase chain reaction. The antibiotic of choice to treat these infections is doxycycline; azithromycin is less effective. All cats in the household should be treated simultaneously. The zoonotic potential of these organisms appears low, but some precaution is warranted when handling affected cats.

AB - Chlamydiae are an important cause of acute and chronic conjunctivitis in cats. Until recently, only one organism was thought to infect cats, Chlamydophila felis (previously Chlamydia psittaci var. felis). Recently, other Chlamydia-like organisms belonging to the family Parachlamydiaceae, which comprises organisms that reside and proliferate within free-living amoeba, have been identified in cats with neutrophilic and eosinophilic conjunctivitis. The relative importance of these organisms and their amoebic hosts requires investigation. There is also weak evidence that chlamydiae may also be capable of causing reproductive tract disease and lameness in cats. Diagnosis of chlamydial conjunctivitis requires use of specialized culture techniques or the polymerase chain reaction. The antibiotic of choice to treat these infections is doxycycline; azithromycin is less effective. All cats in the household should be treated simultaneously. The zoonotic potential of these organisms appears low, but some precaution is warranted when handling affected cats.

KW - Azithromycin

KW - Cats

KW - Conjunctivitis

KW - Doxycycline

KW - Neochlamydia

KW - Ocular

KW - Parachlamydiae

KW - Upper respiratory tract disease

KW - Zoonosis

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=18144404972&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=18144404972&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1053/j.ctsap.2004.12.018

DO - 10.1053/j.ctsap.2004.12.018

M3 - Article

C2 - 15948428

AN - SCOPUS:18144404972

VL - 20

SP - 129

EP - 134

JO - Topics in Companion Animal Medicine

JF - Topics in Companion Animal Medicine

SN - 1938-9736

IS - 2 SPEC. ISS.

ER -