Favorable outcomes with machine perfusion and longer pump times in kidney transplantation: A single-center, observational study

Gaetano Ciancio, Jeffrey J. Gaynor, Junichiro Sageshima, Linda Chen, David Roth, Warren Kupin, Giselle Guerra, Lissett Tueros, Alberto Zarak, Lois Hanson, Susan Ganz, Phillip Ruiz, William W. O'Neill, Alan S. Livingstone, George W. Burke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


Background.: Hypothermic machine perfusion (MP) preservation is used for all deceased donor kidney transplants at our center. Kidneys are placed in cold storage at retrieval, then transferred to MP on arrival. Because a lack of consensus regarding optimal use of MP still exists, we evaluated the overall impact of using MP at our center and the prognostic value of MP (Pump) time. Methods.: We retrospectively analyzed 339 adult, primary deceased donor kidney transplant recipients who were pooled across three prospective, randomized immunosuppression trials (since 2000) at our center. In addition to providing overall results for delayed graft function (DGF) (requirement for dialysis in the first week), slow graft function (SGF), first biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR), and graft failure, stepwise logistic and Cox regression analyses were used to determine the prognostic value of pump time, particularly after controlling for other significant prognosticators. Results.: Mean cold storage and pump times were 6.6 and 26.7 hr, consistent across immunosuppression protocols. Overall DGF and SGF rates were 4.4% (15/339) and 12.1% (41/339). DGF was equally low for pump time less than 24 vs. more than or equal to 24 hr, 5.2% (6/116) vs. 4.0% (9/223) (P=0.63), with similar results after adjusting for known DGF predictors. A significantly lower first BPAR rate was observed for longer pump time (as a continuous variable) among more immunologically active recipients (those having more risk factors: DGF, age <50 yr, and non-white) (univariable P=0.005; multivariable P=0.009), with an estimated hazard ratio of 0.43 (P=0.006) favoring pump time more than or equal to 24 hr among those with more than or equal to two risk factors. Conclusions.: In this single-center, observational study, MP with prolonged pump times was associated with low DGF/SGF and first BPAR rates, supporting continued use of MP.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)882-890
Number of pages9
Issue number8
StatePublished - Oct 27 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Biopsy-proven acute rejection
  • Delayed graft function
  • Duration of machine perfusion (pump) time
  • Graft failure
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Machine perfusion
  • Static cold storage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation


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