Fatty acid and triglyceride composition of milk fat from lactating Holstein cows in response to supplemental canola oil

E. J. DePeters, J. B. German, S. J. Taylor, S. T. Essex, H. Perez-Monti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

93 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective was to determine the influence of dietary lipid on total and sn-2 fatty acid composition and triglyceride structure of milk fat in lactating Holstein cows. Five primiparous Holstein cows surgically fitted with ruminal and duodenal cannulas were used in a 4 × 5 incomplete Latin square. All cows received a basal diet. Treatments consisted of a basal diet with no supplemental canola oil (control), basal diet with canola oil added to the concentrate portion of the diet to provide 1.6% fat, basal diet with 330 g of canola oil infused directly into the rumen, and basal diet with 330 g of canola oil infused directly into the abomasum. Canola oil treatments decreased palmitic acid and increased oleic acid content of milk fat compared with the control. Stearate was higher when canola oil was rumen available compared with control and abomasal infusion. Abomasal infusion increased linoleic and linoleic acids in milk fat compared with the other treatments. The sn-2 fatty acid composition reflected total fatty acid composition. All canola oil treatments reduced palmitic acid and increased oleic acid content at the sn-2 position. Changes in sn-2 composition reflect specificity of the acyl transferases and substrate concentration. Triglyceride composition reported as carbon number was altered by canola oil. Triglycerides in carbon number C50, C52, and C54 were increased while C32, C34, and C36 were decreased.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)929-936
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Dairy Science
Volume84
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2001

Keywords

  • Fatty acid
  • Milk fat
  • sn-2
  • Triglyceride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Food Science
  • veterinary(all)

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    DePeters, E. J., German, J. B., Taylor, S. J., Essex, S. T., & Perez-Monti, H. (2001). Fatty acid and triglyceride composition of milk fat from lactating Holstein cows in response to supplemental canola oil. Journal of Dairy Science, 84(4), 929-936.