Fatigue behavior of the equine third metacarpus

Mechanical property analysis

V. A. Gibson, Susan M Stover, R. B. Martin, G. Gibeling, N. H. Willits, M. B. Gustafson, L. V. Griffin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This is the first in a series of experiments to study the fatigue properties of equine cannon (third metacarpal) bone specimens from Thoroughbred racehorses. Monotonic and fatigue tests to failure were performed in four-point bending on diaphyseal specimens in a 37°C saline bath to answer three initial questions. (a) Will a linear variable differential transducer yield the same elastic modulus as strain gauges? (b) Will fatigue results depend on whether the periosteal or endosteal side of the beam is in tension? (c) Are there regional variations in the monotonic and fatigue properties of the cannon bone midshaft? Eighteen left- right pairs of specimens from six horses were used. One beam of each pair was fitted with strain gauges. Fatigue tests were conducted on 24 specimens under load control at 2 Hz; an initial range of 0-10,000 microstrain was used so as to produce failure in a reasonable period of time. There were no left-right differences in the fatigue or monotonic properties, and the presence of a gauge had no effect on modulus measured by a linear variable differential transducer. However, gauge-measured moduli was about 1 GPa less than transducer-measured values. Fatigue life was independent of which side of the beam was in tension, and there were significant variations in mechanical properties around the cortex. The lateral regions was stiffer than the dorsal region but the latter had a longer fatigue life. The fixed cylindrical supports used in this experiment eventually produced slight wear grooves, causing artifactual stiffening at the end of the load cycle in some specimens. A second experiment using roller supports confirmed the reason for this stiffening. It also showed that fatigue life was shorter when roller supports were used but regional differences were similar.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)861-868
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Research
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1995
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Metacarpus
Horses
Fatigue
Transducers
Metacarpal Bones
Elastic Modulus
Baths

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

Cite this

Gibson, V. A., Stover, S. M., Martin, R. B., Gibeling, G., Willits, N. H., Gustafson, M. B., & Griffin, L. V. (1995). Fatigue behavior of the equine third metacarpus: Mechanical property analysis. Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 13(6), 861-868. https://doi.org/10.1002/jor.1100130609

Fatigue behavior of the equine third metacarpus : Mechanical property analysis. / Gibson, V. A.; Stover, Susan M; Martin, R. B.; Gibeling, G.; Willits, N. H.; Gustafson, M. B.; Griffin, L. V.

In: Journal of Orthopaedic Research, Vol. 13, No. 6, 11.1995, p. 861-868.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gibson, VA, Stover, SM, Martin, RB, Gibeling, G, Willits, NH, Gustafson, MB & Griffin, LV 1995, 'Fatigue behavior of the equine third metacarpus: Mechanical property analysis', Journal of Orthopaedic Research, vol. 13, no. 6, pp. 861-868. https://doi.org/10.1002/jor.1100130609
Gibson, V. A. ; Stover, Susan M ; Martin, R. B. ; Gibeling, G. ; Willits, N. H. ; Gustafson, M. B. ; Griffin, L. V. / Fatigue behavior of the equine third metacarpus : Mechanical property analysis. In: Journal of Orthopaedic Research. 1995 ; Vol. 13, No. 6. pp. 861-868.
@article{396d849152454b1f893b07d87ea64211,
title = "Fatigue behavior of the equine third metacarpus: Mechanical property analysis",
abstract = "This is the first in a series of experiments to study the fatigue properties of equine cannon (third metacarpal) bone specimens from Thoroughbred racehorses. Monotonic and fatigue tests to failure were performed in four-point bending on diaphyseal specimens in a 37°C saline bath to answer three initial questions. (a) Will a linear variable differential transducer yield the same elastic modulus as strain gauges? (b) Will fatigue results depend on whether the periosteal or endosteal side of the beam is in tension? (c) Are there regional variations in the monotonic and fatigue properties of the cannon bone midshaft? Eighteen left- right pairs of specimens from six horses were used. One beam of each pair was fitted with strain gauges. Fatigue tests were conducted on 24 specimens under load control at 2 Hz; an initial range of 0-10,000 microstrain was used so as to produce failure in a reasonable period of time. There were no left-right differences in the fatigue or monotonic properties, and the presence of a gauge had no effect on modulus measured by a linear variable differential transducer. However, gauge-measured moduli was about 1 GPa less than transducer-measured values. Fatigue life was independent of which side of the beam was in tension, and there were significant variations in mechanical properties around the cortex. The lateral regions was stiffer than the dorsal region but the latter had a longer fatigue life. The fixed cylindrical supports used in this experiment eventually produced slight wear grooves, causing artifactual stiffening at the end of the load cycle in some specimens. A second experiment using roller supports confirmed the reason for this stiffening. It also showed that fatigue life was shorter when roller supports were used but regional differences were similar.",
author = "Gibson, {V. A.} and Stover, {Susan M} and Martin, {R. B.} and G. Gibeling and Willits, {N. H.} and Gustafson, {M. B.} and Griffin, {L. V.}",
year = "1995",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1002/jor.1100130609",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "13",
pages = "861--868",
journal = "Journal of Orthopaedic Research",
issn = "0736-0266",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fatigue behavior of the equine third metacarpus

T2 - Mechanical property analysis

AU - Gibson, V. A.

AU - Stover, Susan M

AU - Martin, R. B.

AU - Gibeling, G.

AU - Willits, N. H.

AU - Gustafson, M. B.

AU - Griffin, L. V.

PY - 1995/11

Y1 - 1995/11

N2 - This is the first in a series of experiments to study the fatigue properties of equine cannon (third metacarpal) bone specimens from Thoroughbred racehorses. Monotonic and fatigue tests to failure were performed in four-point bending on diaphyseal specimens in a 37°C saline bath to answer three initial questions. (a) Will a linear variable differential transducer yield the same elastic modulus as strain gauges? (b) Will fatigue results depend on whether the periosteal or endosteal side of the beam is in tension? (c) Are there regional variations in the monotonic and fatigue properties of the cannon bone midshaft? Eighteen left- right pairs of specimens from six horses were used. One beam of each pair was fitted with strain gauges. Fatigue tests were conducted on 24 specimens under load control at 2 Hz; an initial range of 0-10,000 microstrain was used so as to produce failure in a reasonable period of time. There were no left-right differences in the fatigue or monotonic properties, and the presence of a gauge had no effect on modulus measured by a linear variable differential transducer. However, gauge-measured moduli was about 1 GPa less than transducer-measured values. Fatigue life was independent of which side of the beam was in tension, and there were significant variations in mechanical properties around the cortex. The lateral regions was stiffer than the dorsal region but the latter had a longer fatigue life. The fixed cylindrical supports used in this experiment eventually produced slight wear grooves, causing artifactual stiffening at the end of the load cycle in some specimens. A second experiment using roller supports confirmed the reason for this stiffening. It also showed that fatigue life was shorter when roller supports were used but regional differences were similar.

AB - This is the first in a series of experiments to study the fatigue properties of equine cannon (third metacarpal) bone specimens from Thoroughbred racehorses. Monotonic and fatigue tests to failure were performed in four-point bending on diaphyseal specimens in a 37°C saline bath to answer three initial questions. (a) Will a linear variable differential transducer yield the same elastic modulus as strain gauges? (b) Will fatigue results depend on whether the periosteal or endosteal side of the beam is in tension? (c) Are there regional variations in the monotonic and fatigue properties of the cannon bone midshaft? Eighteen left- right pairs of specimens from six horses were used. One beam of each pair was fitted with strain gauges. Fatigue tests were conducted on 24 specimens under load control at 2 Hz; an initial range of 0-10,000 microstrain was used so as to produce failure in a reasonable period of time. There were no left-right differences in the fatigue or monotonic properties, and the presence of a gauge had no effect on modulus measured by a linear variable differential transducer. However, gauge-measured moduli was about 1 GPa less than transducer-measured values. Fatigue life was independent of which side of the beam was in tension, and there were significant variations in mechanical properties around the cortex. The lateral regions was stiffer than the dorsal region but the latter had a longer fatigue life. The fixed cylindrical supports used in this experiment eventually produced slight wear grooves, causing artifactual stiffening at the end of the load cycle in some specimens. A second experiment using roller supports confirmed the reason for this stiffening. It also showed that fatigue life was shorter when roller supports were used but regional differences were similar.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029410921&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029410921&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/jor.1100130609

DO - 10.1002/jor.1100130609

M3 - Article

VL - 13

SP - 861

EP - 868

JO - Journal of Orthopaedic Research

JF - Journal of Orthopaedic Research

SN - 0736-0266

IS - 6

ER -