Fate of insulin-like growth factors I and II administered orogastrically to suckling rats

Anthony F Philipps, R. Rao, G. G. Anderson, D. M. McCracken, M. Lake, O. Koldovsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Scopus citations


Milk-borne insulin-like growth factors I and II (IGF-I and -II) may be of importance in the differentiation of the gastrointestinal tract of the suckling. To test this hypothesis, 10- to 11-d-old suckling rats were given via an orogastric tube 125I-IGF-I (n = 6) or 125I-IGF-II (n = 6) in rat milk and killed 30 min later. The results of this study demonstrated that approximately 40% of the radioactivity administered was detected in the gastrointestinal tract for both 125I-IGF-I and 125I-IGF-II experiments. Gel chromatography of acid extracts of homogenates of gastrointestinal tissues and luminal contents demonstrated that a significant fraction of recovered radioactivity eluted in a position identical to 'native' IGF. These findings were confirmed by subjecting similarly treated samples to high performance liquid chromatography. In addition, radioactive material recovered from M(r) 7,500 fractions bound specifically to crude membrane IGF- I and -II receptor preparations, further suggesting the preservation of biologic activity of the recovered peptides. Although skin homogenates contained large peptide fragments of 125I-IGF-I, no 'intact' IGF was found in the blood or other tissues. These findings suggest that milk-borne IGFs are stable in the neonatal gastrointestinal tract and remain biologically active for as long as 30 min postingestion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)586-592
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric Research
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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