Fatal bluetongue virus infection in an alpaca (Vicugna pacos) in California

Joaquín Ortega, Beate Crossley, Julie E Dechant, Clifton P. Drew, Nigel J Maclachlan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


In October 2008, a 15-year-old female alpaca (Vicugna pacos) housed at a breeding farm in northern California died after a brief illness characterized by sudden onset of weakness, recumbency, and respiratory distress. Postmortem examination revealed severe hydrothorax and hydropericardium, marked pulmonary edema, and acute superficial myocardial hemorrhage affecting the left ventricle. Bluetongue virus (BTV) was detected in the spleen by quantitative real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and confirmed by sequence analysis. No antibodies against BTV were detected in the serum using a competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, confirming acute, fulminant BTV infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)134-136
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010


  • Alpacas
  • Bluetongue
  • Fatal
  • Orbivirus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Fatal bluetongue virus infection in an alpaca (Vicugna pacos) in California'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this