Families' Views of Pediatric Palliative Aquatics: A Qualitative Study

Erin Gaab, David M. Steinhorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Although pediatric palliative care policies and services have been developed, research in this area continues to lag. An integrated model of palliative care has been suggested by the American Academy of Pediatrics and includes complementary and alternative services aimed at improving the well-being of children and their families. The first-known pediatric palliative aquatics program (PPAP) in California uses several techniques to decrease pain and promote well-being through relaxation and interaction between patients, specialists, and family members. This study investigates the perceptions of family members of their children's experiences with a PPAP. Researchers from an outside institution conducted focus groups and interviews. Themes were extracted from the focus group transcripts using Braun and Clarke's method of inductive thematic analysis. Data were collected at the host site, local libraries, and participant homes. Participants were primary caregivers and siblings (. n=23) of children in a PPAP, an independent children's respite, transitional, and end-of-life care facility in California. The research described and drew implications from the diverse perceptions that family members expressed about the benefits of having a child in the PPAP, including sensory, physical, and social experiences. Although the PPAP aims to promote well-being through relaxation, several other benefits were expressed by family members of children going through the program, including pain relief.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)526-533
Number of pages8
JournalPain Management Nursing
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


Dive into the research topics of 'Families' Views of Pediatric Palliative Aquatics: A Qualitative Study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this