Failure mode and bending moment of canine pancarpal arthrodesis constructs stabilized with two different implant systems

Fred A. Wininger, Amy Kapatkin, Alex Radin, Frances S. Shofer, Gail K. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

To compare failure mode and bending moment of a canine pancarpal arthrodesis construct using either a 2.7 mm/3.5 mm hybrid dynamic compression plate (HDCP) or a 3.5 mm dynamic compression plate (DCP). Paired in vitro biomechanical testing of canine pancarpal arthrodesis constructs stabilized with either a 2.7/3.5 HDCP or 3.5 DCP. Paired cadaveric canine antebrachii (n=5). Pancarpal arthrodesis constructs were loaded to failure (point of maximum load) in 4-point bending using a materials-testing machine. Using this point of failure, bending moments were calculated from system variables for each construct and the 2 plating systems compared using a paired t-test. To examine the relationship between metacarpal diameter and screw diameter failure loads, linear regression was used and Pearson' correlation coefficient was calculated. Significance was set at P<.05. HDCP failed at higher loads than DCP for 9 of 10 constructs. The absolute difference in failure rates between the 2 plates was 0.552±0.182 N m, P=.0144 (95% confidence interval: -0.58 to 1.68). This is an 8.1% mean difference in bending strength. There was a significant linear correlation r=0.74 (P-slope=.014) and 0.8 (P-slope=.006) between metacarpal diameter and failure loads for the HDCP and 3.5 DCP, respectively. There was a small but significant difference between bending moment at failure between 2.7/3.5 HDCP and 3.5 DCP constructs; however, the difference may not be clinically evident in all patients. The 2.7/3.5 HDCP has physical and mechanical properties making it a more desirable plate for pancarpal arthrodesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)724-728
Number of pages5
JournalVeterinary Surgery
Volume36
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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