Recent studies suggest that individuals with schizophrenia show enhanced facilitation but similar interference in reaction times (RTs), compared with control participants, combined with increased error interference. This study examined the relationship between errors and RTs on the Stroop task among individuals with schizophrenia. The authors examined performance on a speeded Stroop task, designed to increase errors, in 29 individuals with schizophrenia and 29 nonpatient control participants. The authors also analyzed color-naming and word-reading estimates from process dissociation analyses. The findings suggest that a lack of increased RT interference among patients (compared with control participants) is not solely due to the increased number of errors they produce in the incongruent condition but is also influenced by a greater impact of the word even in the neutral condition.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biological Psychiatry
- Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology