Factors influencing physicians' judgments of adherence and treatment decisions for patients with HIV disease

Laura M. Bogart, Sheryl L Catz, Jeffrey A. Kelly, Eric G. Benotsch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

135 Scopus citations

Abstract

New medications for HIV reduce mortality and morbidity but require strict adherence. Thus, physicians treating HIV-positive patients must weigh both disease severity and likelihood of adherence when deciding whether to start patients on treatment. A national sample of 495 physicians surveyed via mail responded to clinical scenarios depicting HIV-positive patients and indicated whether they would start patients on medication (response rate = 53%). Scenarios varied on the patient characteristics of gender, disease severity, ethnicity, and risk group. Physicians predicted that patients with less severe disease, former injection drug users, and African American men would be less likely to adhere. Perceived adherence and disease severity influenced treatment decisions. Results are discussed in the context of attitudes about minority groups and injection drug users, which may influence adherence judgments in practice settings. Psychological research to identify better methods of predicting medication adherence may serve to inform medical decision making.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-36
Number of pages9
JournalMedical Decision Making
Volume21
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adherence
  • Antiretroviral treatment
  • Attitudes
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Medical decision making

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy

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