Factors associated with survival in 148 recumbent horses

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Reasons for performing study: There are currently few data available on the prognosis and outcome of recumbent horses. Objectives: To investigate the outcome of hospitalised horses that had been recumbent in the field or hospital and factors affecting their survival within the first 3 days of hospitalisation and survival after 3 days to hospital discharge. Study design: Retrospective analysis of clinical records. Methods: Records of 148 horses admitted to the William R. Pritchard Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital, University of California Davis from January 1995 to December 2010 with a history of recumbency or horses that became recumbent while hospitalised were evaluated. Exact logistic regression was used to assess the association between clinical parameters and survival within the first 3 days of hospitalisation and survival to hospital discharge after 3 days. Results: There were 109 nonsurvivors and 39 survivors. Multivariate analysis showed variables associated with an increased odds of death within the first 3 days of hospitalisation included duration of clinical signs prior to presentation, with horses showing clinical signs for over 24h having increased odds of death (P = 0.043, odds ratio [OR] 4.16, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] 1.04-16.59), the presence of band neutrophils (P = 0.02, OR 7.94, 95% CI 1.39-45.46), the horse not using the sling (P = 0.031, OR 4.22, 95% confidence interval 1.14-15.68) and horses that were unable to stand after treatment (P<0.0001, OR 231.15, 95% CI 22.82-2341.33). Increasing cost was associated with lower odds of death (P = 0.017, OR 0.96, for each additional $100 billed, 95% CI 0.93-0.99). Conclusions: This study demonstrates that the duration of clinical signs, response to treatment and the ability of horses to use a sling are associated with survival to hospital discharge for recumbent horses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)575-578
Number of pages4
JournalEquine Veterinary Journal
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Down horse
  • Horse
  • Recumbent horse
  • Sling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Equine

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