Factors associated with postobstructive diuresis following decompressive surgery with placement of ureteral stents or subcutaneous ureteral bypass systems for treatment of ureteral obstruction in cats

37 cases (2010-2014)

Ingrid Balsa, William T Culp, Carrie Palm, Katrina Hopper, Brian Hardy, Daniel G. Ben-Aderet, Philipp Mayhew, Kenneth J. Drobatz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe postobstructive diuresis (POD) in cats undergoing surgical placement of ureteral stents or subcutaneous ureteral bypass systems for treatment of ureteral obstruction in cats and to identify factors associated with duration and maximum severity of POD. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: 37 client-owned cats with ureteral obstruction treated between August 2010 and December 2014. PROCEDURES: Medical records were reviewed, and data extracted included signalment, history, results from physical examinations and clinical laboratory analyses, treatment, urine output, and outcome. Data were evaluated to identify factors associated with POD duration and maximum severity, alone or in combination. RESULTS: Serum concentrations of creatinine, potassium, phosphorus, and BUN before surgery positively correlated with duration and maximum severity of POD. Absolute changes in serum concentrations of creatinine, potassium, and BUN from before surgery to after surgery positively correlated with POD duration. Cats with anuria before surgery had longer POD than did other cats; however, there was no difference in POD duration or maximum severity with unilateral versus bilateral ureteral obstruction. Thirty-four of 37 (92%) cats survived to hospital discharge, which was not associated with whether ureteral obstruction was unilateral or bilateral. Azotemia resolved in 17 of the 34 (50%) cats that survived to hospital discharge. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results of the present study indicated that several factors were associated with POD duration and maximum severity, alone or in combination, and that with intensive management of fluid and electrolyte derangements, regardless of the extent of the original azotemia, a high percentage of cats survived to hospital discharge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)944-952
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume254
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2019

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diuresis
Ureteral Obstruction
Diuresis
Stents
Cats
surgery
cats
duration
Azotemia
uremia
Blood Urea Nitrogen
creatinine
Creatinine
Potassium
potassium
Anuria
Serum
clinical examination
Phosphorus
Electrolytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

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title = "Factors associated with postobstructive diuresis following decompressive surgery with placement of ureteral stents or subcutaneous ureteral bypass systems for treatment of ureteral obstruction in cats: 37 cases (2010-2014)",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: To describe postobstructive diuresis (POD) in cats undergoing surgical placement of ureteral stents or subcutaneous ureteral bypass systems for treatment of ureteral obstruction in cats and to identify factors associated with duration and maximum severity of POD. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: 37 client-owned cats with ureteral obstruction treated between August 2010 and December 2014. PROCEDURES: Medical records were reviewed, and data extracted included signalment, history, results from physical examinations and clinical laboratory analyses, treatment, urine output, and outcome. Data were evaluated to identify factors associated with POD duration and maximum severity, alone or in combination. RESULTS: Serum concentrations of creatinine, potassium, phosphorus, and BUN before surgery positively correlated with duration and maximum severity of POD. Absolute changes in serum concentrations of creatinine, potassium, and BUN from before surgery to after surgery positively correlated with POD duration. Cats with anuria before surgery had longer POD than did other cats; however, there was no difference in POD duration or maximum severity with unilateral versus bilateral ureteral obstruction. Thirty-four of 37 (92{\%}) cats survived to hospital discharge, which was not associated with whether ureteral obstruction was unilateral or bilateral. Azotemia resolved in 17 of the 34 (50{\%}) cats that survived to hospital discharge. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results of the present study indicated that several factors were associated with POD duration and maximum severity, alone or in combination, and that with intensive management of fluid and electrolyte derangements, regardless of the extent of the original azotemia, a high percentage of cats survived to hospital discharge.",
author = "Ingrid Balsa and Culp, {William T} and Carrie Palm and Katrina Hopper and Brian Hardy and Ben-Aderet, {Daniel G.} and Philipp Mayhew and Drobatz, {Kenneth J.}",
year = "2019",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors associated with postobstructive diuresis following decompressive surgery with placement of ureteral stents or subcutaneous ureteral bypass systems for treatment of ureteral obstruction in cats

T2 - 37 cases (2010-2014)

AU - Balsa, Ingrid

AU - Culp, William T

AU - Palm, Carrie

AU - Hopper, Katrina

AU - Hardy, Brian

AU - Ben-Aderet, Daniel G.

AU - Mayhew, Philipp

AU - Drobatz, Kenneth J.

PY - 2019/4/15

Y1 - 2019/4/15

N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe postobstructive diuresis (POD) in cats undergoing surgical placement of ureteral stents or subcutaneous ureteral bypass systems for treatment of ureteral obstruction in cats and to identify factors associated with duration and maximum severity of POD. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: 37 client-owned cats with ureteral obstruction treated between August 2010 and December 2014. PROCEDURES: Medical records were reviewed, and data extracted included signalment, history, results from physical examinations and clinical laboratory analyses, treatment, urine output, and outcome. Data were evaluated to identify factors associated with POD duration and maximum severity, alone or in combination. RESULTS: Serum concentrations of creatinine, potassium, phosphorus, and BUN before surgery positively correlated with duration and maximum severity of POD. Absolute changes in serum concentrations of creatinine, potassium, and BUN from before surgery to after surgery positively correlated with POD duration. Cats with anuria before surgery had longer POD than did other cats; however, there was no difference in POD duration or maximum severity with unilateral versus bilateral ureteral obstruction. Thirty-four of 37 (92%) cats survived to hospital discharge, which was not associated with whether ureteral obstruction was unilateral or bilateral. Azotemia resolved in 17 of the 34 (50%) cats that survived to hospital discharge. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results of the present study indicated that several factors were associated with POD duration and maximum severity, alone or in combination, and that with intensive management of fluid and electrolyte derangements, regardless of the extent of the original azotemia, a high percentage of cats survived to hospital discharge.

AB - OBJECTIVE: To describe postobstructive diuresis (POD) in cats undergoing surgical placement of ureteral stents or subcutaneous ureteral bypass systems for treatment of ureteral obstruction in cats and to identify factors associated with duration and maximum severity of POD. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: 37 client-owned cats with ureteral obstruction treated between August 2010 and December 2014. PROCEDURES: Medical records were reviewed, and data extracted included signalment, history, results from physical examinations and clinical laboratory analyses, treatment, urine output, and outcome. Data were evaluated to identify factors associated with POD duration and maximum severity, alone or in combination. RESULTS: Serum concentrations of creatinine, potassium, phosphorus, and BUN before surgery positively correlated with duration and maximum severity of POD. Absolute changes in serum concentrations of creatinine, potassium, and BUN from before surgery to after surgery positively correlated with POD duration. Cats with anuria before surgery had longer POD than did other cats; however, there was no difference in POD duration or maximum severity with unilateral versus bilateral ureteral obstruction. Thirty-four of 37 (92%) cats survived to hospital discharge, which was not associated with whether ureteral obstruction was unilateral or bilateral. Azotemia resolved in 17 of the 34 (50%) cats that survived to hospital discharge. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Results of the present study indicated that several factors were associated with POD duration and maximum severity, alone or in combination, and that with intensive management of fluid and electrolyte derangements, regardless of the extent of the original azotemia, a high percentage of cats survived to hospital discharge.

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U2 - 10.2460/javma.254.8.944

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M3 - Article

VL - 254

SP - 944

EP - 952

JO - Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

JF - Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association

SN - 0003-1488

IS - 8

ER -