Factors associated with Interest in same-day contraception initiation among females in the pediatric emergency department

Melissa K. Miller, Kimberly A. Randell, Romina Barral, Ashley K. Sherman, Elizabeth Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purposes were to describe interest in hormonal contraception initiation among female adolescent in the emergency department (ED) and to assess for associations with factors known to increase pregnancy risk such as violence victimization. Methods: We used a computerized survey to assess sexual and dating practices, pregnancy history/ likelihood, contraception use (including long-acting reversible contraception [LARC]) and concerns, contraception initiation interest, violence victimization, medical utilization, and demographics among sexually experienced females aged 14-19 years in our ED. The primary outcome was interest in contraception initiation. We compared responses between subgroups using the chi-square test. Results: A total of 168 adolescents participated (82% of approached; mean age 16.6 years; 41% white; 48% black; 21% commercial insurance). Interest in contraception initiation was high: 60% overall and 70% among those not using hormonal contraception (n = 96). Among those using non- LARC contraception (n = 59), 29% were interested in LARC initiation. Contraception/LARC interest was positively associated with lack of recent well care (p < .06) and concerns about cost (p < .01),privacy (p = .03), and where to obtain contraception (p < .01). Nearly all planned on avoiding pregnancy, although many (23%) used no contraception at last intercourse. One third (36%) reported violence victimization. Most (70%) reported ≥1 concern about contraception (most commonly cost). Conclusions: Many reported behaviors and exposures, including violence victimization, that increase their risk for pregnancy and most expressed interest in same-day initiation of hormonal contraception, including LARC. These findings may inform novel strategies for increased adolescent access to contraception and pregnancy prevention through use of nontraditional sites such as EDs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)154-159
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Adolescent Health
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Adolescent
  • Contraception behavior
  • Health planning
  • Prevention and control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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