Factors affecting mortality in patients operated upon for complications of peptic ulcer disease

W. B. Greiser, B. W. Bruner, J. M. Shamoun, Gregory Jurkovich, J. J. Ferrara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Surgical treatment of complicated peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is associated with a high mortality in selected, high-risk patients. The authors reviewed their operative experience for PUD over a five year period beginning in July 1982. One hundred and sixty-two operative procedures were performed on 160 patients. The indications for surgery were intractability (18); perforation (50); hemorrhage (81); and obstruction (13). The average ages of the survivors and those who died was 49.0 and 65.7 years respectively. Partial gastric resection (PGR), with or without vagotomy, was the most commonly performed procedure (54% of cases) while vagotomy and drainage (V & D) was used in 31 per cent of patients. The overall mortality in this series was 8 per cent; it was highest in the hemorrhage group (10%). Pre-operative transfusion requirements in this population were greater in those who died versus those who survived (12.1 and 7.3 units respectively, P <0.005). In addition, 75 per cent of the deaths were over 60 years of age. In elderly patients operated upon for hemorrhage, the procedure-related mortality for V & D and PGR was 24 per cent and 13 per cent respectively. (These groups were similar with regard to co-morbidity, hemodynamic stability, and transfusion requirements). It is the authors contention that PGR may be safely used for the treatment of bleeding peptic ulcer disease (particularly GU) in selected elderly, high-risk patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7-11
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Surgeon
Volume55
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1989
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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    Greiser, W. B., Bruner, B. W., Shamoun, J. M., Jurkovich, G., & Ferrara, J. J. (1989). Factors affecting mortality in patients operated upon for complications of peptic ulcer disease. American Surgeon, 55(1), 7-11.