Facial contouring by targeted restoration of facial fat compartment volume: the mid-face

Wenjin Wang, Yun Xie, Ru Lin Huang, Jia Zhou, Herrler Tanja, Peijuan Zhao, Chen Cheng, Sizheng Zhou, Lee Li-Qun Pu, Qingfeng Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND:: Recent anatomical findings have suggested that facial fat distribution is complex and changes with age. Here, we developed a grafting technique based on the physiological distribution and volume changes of facial fat compartments to achieve a youthful and natural-looking face. METHODS:: Forty cadaveric hemifaces were used for the dissection of fat compartments and neurovascular structures in the mid-face area. Seventy-eight patients were treated for cheek atrophy using our targeted restoration of mid-face fat compartment volume. The outcome was evaluated by a two-dimensional assessment, the malar lipo-atrophy assessment and a satisfaction survey. RESULTS:: The medial and lateral parts of the deep medial cheek fat compartment (DMC) were separated by a septum arising from the lateral border of the levator angular oris muscle. The angular vein traveled between the DMC and the buccal fat pad, 12 mm from the maxilla bone. A total volume of 29.3 ml fat was grafted per cheek for each patient. A 12-month follow-up revealed an average volume augmentation rate of 27.1%. Pleasing and elevated anterior projection of the cheek and ameliorated nasolabial groove were still obvious by 12 months after the procedure. In total, 95.2% of the patients were satisfied with their results. CONCLUSION:: The present study provides the anatomical and clinical basis for the concept of compartmentally based fat grafting. It allows for the restoration of facial fat volume close to the physiological state. With this procedure, a natural and youthful facial contour could be rebuilt with a high satisfaction rate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Nov 21 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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