Eye and associated structures

Elizabeth J. Davidson, Mary Utter

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The neurologic examination begins with a complete history and general physical examination. The examiner should bear in mind that many suspected acute neurologic problems may, in fact, be of neuromuscular, musculoskeletal, metabolic, or other origin and these should always be considered initially. The purpose of the examination is to develop both a differential diagnosis list and to determine the neuroanatomic localization of any suspected abnormalities. The horse’s signalment and management, the geographic location, and the season all play a role in considering the possible differential diagnoses for a presumptive neurologic condition. General physical examination may reveal areas of asymmetry, muscle mass loss, or evidence of unexplained trauma. Abnormal wear of the hooves or shoes may indicate abnormal gait, either due to neurologic abnormality or musculoskeletal disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEquine Emergency and Critical Care Medicine
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages29
ISBN (Electronic)9781840766523
ISBN (Print)9781840761948
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)


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