Expression of Toll/IL-1R domain-containing adaptor protein (TIRAP) is detrimental to primary clearance of Salmonella and is not required for the generation of protective immunity

Stu Jerke, Aparna Srinivasan, Stephen J Mcsorley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Salmonella infection triggers activation of innate immune cells through the interaction of bacterial products with Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Toll/IL-1R domain-containing adaptor protein (TIRAP) is an adaptor protein involved in downstream signaling through TLRs 1, 2, 4, and 6. We examined the role of TIRAP during infection with attenuated Salmonella. Surprisingly, TIRAP-deficient mice were fully capable of resolving primary infection with Salmonella and actually exhibited accelerated clearance of bacteria at a late stage of the infection. Consistent with enhanced bacterial clearance, TIRAP-deficient mice resolved bacterial-associated splenic inflammation more rapidly than wild-type (Wt) mice and splenocytes from Salmonella-infected TIRAP-deficient mice produced more IFN-γ upon in vitro re-stimulation. Upon secondary challenge, TIRAP-deficient and Wt mice displayed a similar level of protective immunity against virulent Salmonella. Together these data indicate that TIRAP-mediated signaling is completely dispensable for clearance of Salmonella infection, and actually has a mild deleterious effect upon the resolution of primary infection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)64-71
Number of pages8
JournalImmunology Letters
Volume116
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Salmonella
Immunity
Salmonella Infections
Proteins
Toll-Like Receptor 1
Infection
Toll-Like Receptor 2
Toll-Like Receptors
Cell Communication
Inflammation
Bacteria

Keywords

  • Bacterial infection
  • CD4 T cells
  • Toll-like receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

Cite this

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title = "Expression of Toll/IL-1R domain-containing adaptor protein (TIRAP) is detrimental to primary clearance of Salmonella and is not required for the generation of protective immunity",
abstract = "Salmonella infection triggers activation of innate immune cells through the interaction of bacterial products with Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Toll/IL-1R domain-containing adaptor protein (TIRAP) is an adaptor protein involved in downstream signaling through TLRs 1, 2, 4, and 6. We examined the role of TIRAP during infection with attenuated Salmonella. Surprisingly, TIRAP-deficient mice were fully capable of resolving primary infection with Salmonella and actually exhibited accelerated clearance of bacteria at a late stage of the infection. Consistent with enhanced bacterial clearance, TIRAP-deficient mice resolved bacterial-associated splenic inflammation more rapidly than wild-type (Wt) mice and splenocytes from Salmonella-infected TIRAP-deficient mice produced more IFN-γ upon in vitro re-stimulation. Upon secondary challenge, TIRAP-deficient and Wt mice displayed a similar level of protective immunity against virulent Salmonella. Together these data indicate that TIRAP-mediated signaling is completely dispensable for clearance of Salmonella infection, and actually has a mild deleterious effect upon the resolution of primary infection.",
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author = "Stu Jerke and Aparna Srinivasan and Mcsorley, {Stephen J}",
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T1 - Expression of Toll/IL-1R domain-containing adaptor protein (TIRAP) is detrimental to primary clearance of Salmonella and is not required for the generation of protective immunity

AU - Jerke, Stu

AU - Srinivasan, Aparna

AU - Mcsorley, Stephen J

PY - 2008/2/15

Y1 - 2008/2/15

N2 - Salmonella infection triggers activation of innate immune cells through the interaction of bacterial products with Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Toll/IL-1R domain-containing adaptor protein (TIRAP) is an adaptor protein involved in downstream signaling through TLRs 1, 2, 4, and 6. We examined the role of TIRAP during infection with attenuated Salmonella. Surprisingly, TIRAP-deficient mice were fully capable of resolving primary infection with Salmonella and actually exhibited accelerated clearance of bacteria at a late stage of the infection. Consistent with enhanced bacterial clearance, TIRAP-deficient mice resolved bacterial-associated splenic inflammation more rapidly than wild-type (Wt) mice and splenocytes from Salmonella-infected TIRAP-deficient mice produced more IFN-γ upon in vitro re-stimulation. Upon secondary challenge, TIRAP-deficient and Wt mice displayed a similar level of protective immunity against virulent Salmonella. Together these data indicate that TIRAP-mediated signaling is completely dispensable for clearance of Salmonella infection, and actually has a mild deleterious effect upon the resolution of primary infection.

AB - Salmonella infection triggers activation of innate immune cells through the interaction of bacterial products with Toll-like receptors (TLRs). Toll/IL-1R domain-containing adaptor protein (TIRAP) is an adaptor protein involved in downstream signaling through TLRs 1, 2, 4, and 6. We examined the role of TIRAP during infection with attenuated Salmonella. Surprisingly, TIRAP-deficient mice were fully capable of resolving primary infection with Salmonella and actually exhibited accelerated clearance of bacteria at a late stage of the infection. Consistent with enhanced bacterial clearance, TIRAP-deficient mice resolved bacterial-associated splenic inflammation more rapidly than wild-type (Wt) mice and splenocytes from Salmonella-infected TIRAP-deficient mice produced more IFN-γ upon in vitro re-stimulation. Upon secondary challenge, TIRAP-deficient and Wt mice displayed a similar level of protective immunity against virulent Salmonella. Together these data indicate that TIRAP-mediated signaling is completely dispensable for clearance of Salmonella infection, and actually has a mild deleterious effect upon the resolution of primary infection.

KW - Bacterial infection

KW - CD4 T cells

KW - Toll-like receptors

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