We determined the expression of Th-2 type cytokines, interleukin-4 (IL-4) and IL-5, and of the Th-1 type cytokine, interferon-γ (IFN-γ), in the Brown-Norway rat. Rats were intraperitoneally sensitized with ovalbumin and 21 days later were either exposed to ovalbumin or saline aerosol. The value - log PC300 (PC300 = concentration of acetylcholine needed to increase baseline hung resistance by 300%) was 2.49 ± 0.15 in sensitized, exposed rats, was higher than in sensitized, saline-exposed or naive rats (1.54 ± 0.27 and 1.63 ± 0.06 respectively, P < 0.05). There was a significant increase in eosinophils in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and in airway submucosal airway tissues in the sensitized exposed group. Reverse- transcriptase polymerase chain reaction was performed on total lung RNA using primers for IL-4, IL-5, IFN-γ and β-actin. IL-4 and IL-5 mRNA levels in control and sensitized saline-exposed rats were not detectable, but increased levels were found in sensitized and ovalbumin-exposed rats with levels of 0.25 ± 0.01 and 0.98 ± 0.02% of β-actin mRNA as assessed by densitometric measurements. Expression of IFN-γ mRNA was significantly reduced in sensitized and ovalbumin-exposed rats. As in asthmatic airways, there is an increased expression of Th-2 cytokines, IL-4 and IL-5, together with a reduction in the Th-1 cytokine, IFN-γ, thus supporting a role for Th-2 cytokines in allergic eosinophilic inflammation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|State||Published - 1996|
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