We evaluated expression of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and non-NMDA glutamate receptor (GluR) genes by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Southern blotting in nine established cell lines: rat CG-4 (oligodendroglial lineage) and RINm5F insulinoma cells; human CHP134, SMS-KCNR, SKNSH, and Nb69 neuroblastoma cells; and human D384Med, D425Med, and D458Med medulloblastoma cells. CG-4 expressed mRNAs encoding GluR2-7, KA- 1, and KA-2 non-NMDA GluR (Yoshioka et al.: J Neurochem 64:24422448, 1995) and NR1 (NMDAR1) and NR2D NMDA GluR. After differentiation to oligodendrocyte-like cells, CG-4 also expressed NR2B mRNA. Rat insulinoma cells expressed GluR5 and KA-2 non-NMDA and NR1 and NR2D NMDA GluR mRNAs. The four human neuroblastoma lines all expressed mRNAs encoding GluR2-4, 6, 7 and KA-1 non-NMDA and NR1 NMDA GluR, and the three human medulloblastoma cell lines all expressed mRNAs encoding GluR1, 6 and KA-1, but none of the NMDA GluRs. Whereas CG-4 is susceptible to kainate excitotoxicity, treatment of insulinoma, neuroblastoma, and medulloblastoma lines with L-glutamate, kainate, α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA), or NMDA failed to cause cell damage or to augment 45Ca2+ influx. Thus, despite expressing a variety of non-NMDA and NMDA GluR genes, the human neuroblastoma and medulloblastoma and rat insulinoma lines failed to assemble Ca2+- permeable NMDA or non-NMDA GluR channels. This failure confers protection against excitotoxicity and may contribute to progression of tumors of these types.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Neuroscience Research|
|State||Published - 1996|
- Ca influx
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