Expression of MUC2 gene is down-regulated by vitamin A at the transcriptional level in vitro in tracheobronchial epithelial cells.

G. An, G. Luo, Reen Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The functional role of airway mucin in the respiratory system is well recognized. The isolation of mucin cDNA clones, MUC genes, introduces new information regarding the structure of the mucin core protein; however, the nature of the authentic core protein of airway mucin is still unresolved. In this communication, the effects of vitamin A on the regulation of MUC2 gene expression in primary tracheobronchial epithelial (TBE) cells of human and nonhuman primates were examined. Vitamin A has been recognized as one of the most important nutrients in the regulation of airway mucous cell differentiation. The expression of the MUC2 gene has been demonstrated in both rat and human tracheal tissues. The monkey cDNA clone MT80 was isolated from a cDNA library derived from vitamin A-depleted cultures of monkey TBE cells using a synthetic oligonucleotide probe corresponding to the 69 nucleotides of a tandemly repeated sequence in human MUC2 cDNA. DNA sequencing revealed a similar tandemly repeated sequence, except that 72 oligonucleotide repeats were observed in the monkey cDNA clone. Using the MT80 cDNA as a probe, the expression of the MUC2 gene was studied in vitro. The corresponding MUC2 message level in primary cultures of monkey TBE cells was down-regulated by vitamin A. This result was consistently demonstrated in primary human and hamster TBE cultures. The down-regulation was both time- and dosage-dependent on vitamin A. A nuclear run-on assay demonstrated a decrease in the transcriptional rate of the MUC2 gene in nuclei isolated from vitamin A-treated cultures. These results suggest that MUC2 gene expression in TBE cells is transcriptionally down-regulated by vitamin A.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)546-551
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Volume10
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1994

Fingerprint

Vitamin A
Genes
Epithelial Cells
Gene Expression
Mucins
Complementary DNA
Haplorhini
Clone Cells
Gene expression
Respiratory system
Oligonucleotide Probes
Gene Expression Regulation
In Vitro Techniques
Gene Library
DNA Sequence Analysis
Cell culture
Oligonucleotides
Cricetinae
Respiratory System
Primates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

Cite this

@article{5ecf74c324d64ac78ae77e0a6a459816,
title = "Expression of MUC2 gene is down-regulated by vitamin A at the transcriptional level in vitro in tracheobronchial epithelial cells.",
abstract = "The functional role of airway mucin in the respiratory system is well recognized. The isolation of mucin cDNA clones, MUC genes, introduces new information regarding the structure of the mucin core protein; however, the nature of the authentic core protein of airway mucin is still unresolved. In this communication, the effects of vitamin A on the regulation of MUC2 gene expression in primary tracheobronchial epithelial (TBE) cells of human and nonhuman primates were examined. Vitamin A has been recognized as one of the most important nutrients in the regulation of airway mucous cell differentiation. The expression of the MUC2 gene has been demonstrated in both rat and human tracheal tissues. The monkey cDNA clone MT80 was isolated from a cDNA library derived from vitamin A-depleted cultures of monkey TBE cells using a synthetic oligonucleotide probe corresponding to the 69 nucleotides of a tandemly repeated sequence in human MUC2 cDNA. DNA sequencing revealed a similar tandemly repeated sequence, except that 72 oligonucleotide repeats were observed in the monkey cDNA clone. Using the MT80 cDNA as a probe, the expression of the MUC2 gene was studied in vitro. The corresponding MUC2 message level in primary cultures of monkey TBE cells was down-regulated by vitamin A. This result was consistently demonstrated in primary human and hamster TBE cultures. The down-regulation was both time- and dosage-dependent on vitamin A. A nuclear run-on assay demonstrated a decrease in the transcriptional rate of the MUC2 gene in nuclei isolated from vitamin A-treated cultures. These results suggest that MUC2 gene expression in TBE cells is transcriptionally down-regulated by vitamin A.",
author = "G. An and G. Luo and Reen Wu",
year = "1994",
month = "5",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "10",
pages = "546--551",
journal = "American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology",
issn = "1044-1549",
publisher = "American Thoracic Society",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Expression of MUC2 gene is down-regulated by vitamin A at the transcriptional level in vitro in tracheobronchial epithelial cells.

AU - An, G.

AU - Luo, G.

AU - Wu, Reen

PY - 1994/5

Y1 - 1994/5

N2 - The functional role of airway mucin in the respiratory system is well recognized. The isolation of mucin cDNA clones, MUC genes, introduces new information regarding the structure of the mucin core protein; however, the nature of the authentic core protein of airway mucin is still unresolved. In this communication, the effects of vitamin A on the regulation of MUC2 gene expression in primary tracheobronchial epithelial (TBE) cells of human and nonhuman primates were examined. Vitamin A has been recognized as one of the most important nutrients in the regulation of airway mucous cell differentiation. The expression of the MUC2 gene has been demonstrated in both rat and human tracheal tissues. The monkey cDNA clone MT80 was isolated from a cDNA library derived from vitamin A-depleted cultures of monkey TBE cells using a synthetic oligonucleotide probe corresponding to the 69 nucleotides of a tandemly repeated sequence in human MUC2 cDNA. DNA sequencing revealed a similar tandemly repeated sequence, except that 72 oligonucleotide repeats were observed in the monkey cDNA clone. Using the MT80 cDNA as a probe, the expression of the MUC2 gene was studied in vitro. The corresponding MUC2 message level in primary cultures of monkey TBE cells was down-regulated by vitamin A. This result was consistently demonstrated in primary human and hamster TBE cultures. The down-regulation was both time- and dosage-dependent on vitamin A. A nuclear run-on assay demonstrated a decrease in the transcriptional rate of the MUC2 gene in nuclei isolated from vitamin A-treated cultures. These results suggest that MUC2 gene expression in TBE cells is transcriptionally down-regulated by vitamin A.

AB - The functional role of airway mucin in the respiratory system is well recognized. The isolation of mucin cDNA clones, MUC genes, introduces new information regarding the structure of the mucin core protein; however, the nature of the authentic core protein of airway mucin is still unresolved. In this communication, the effects of vitamin A on the regulation of MUC2 gene expression in primary tracheobronchial epithelial (TBE) cells of human and nonhuman primates were examined. Vitamin A has been recognized as one of the most important nutrients in the regulation of airway mucous cell differentiation. The expression of the MUC2 gene has been demonstrated in both rat and human tracheal tissues. The monkey cDNA clone MT80 was isolated from a cDNA library derived from vitamin A-depleted cultures of monkey TBE cells using a synthetic oligonucleotide probe corresponding to the 69 nucleotides of a tandemly repeated sequence in human MUC2 cDNA. DNA sequencing revealed a similar tandemly repeated sequence, except that 72 oligonucleotide repeats were observed in the monkey cDNA clone. Using the MT80 cDNA as a probe, the expression of the MUC2 gene was studied in vitro. The corresponding MUC2 message level in primary cultures of monkey TBE cells was down-regulated by vitamin A. This result was consistently demonstrated in primary human and hamster TBE cultures. The down-regulation was both time- and dosage-dependent on vitamin A. A nuclear run-on assay demonstrated a decrease in the transcriptional rate of the MUC2 gene in nuclei isolated from vitamin A-treated cultures. These results suggest that MUC2 gene expression in TBE cells is transcriptionally down-regulated by vitamin A.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0028432823&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0028432823&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8179918

AN - SCOPUS:0028432823

VL - 10

SP - 546

EP - 551

JO - American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology

JF - American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology

SN - 1044-1549

IS - 5

ER -