The cell surface antigen distribution on traumatic neuroma Schwann cells and neurofibroma Schwann-like cells was characterized using monoclonal antibodies that define melanoma-associated antigens. Immunofluorescence staining of cultured cells, immunoprecipitation of radioiodinated antigens from cells placed in short-term cultures, and immunoperoxidase staining of frozen tissue sections revealed most of the melanoma-associated antigens tested on traumatic neuroma and neurofibroma Schwann cells and on fetal and adult femoral nerve. The cross-reactivity of the antibodies with neural cells may reflect the common neural crest embryological origin of Schwann cells and melanocytes. Cell sorter analysis of neurofibroma cells using a monoclonal antibody directed against the melanoma nerve growth factor receptor resulted in cell cultures highly enriched for Schwann-like cells which may bear the genetic defect responsible for neurofibromatosis. The antigen detected by this monoclonal antibody is the neurofibroma nerve growth factor receptor and the antibody was a potent inhibitor of nerve growth factor binding to neurofibroma cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - 1986|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research