Expression levels of RyR1 and RyR3 control resting free Ca2+ in skeletal muscle

Claudio F. Perez, José R. López, Paul D. Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


To better understand the role of the transient expression of ryanodine receptor (RyR) type 3 (RyR3) on Ca2+ homeostasis during the development of skeletal muscle, we have analyzed the effect of expression levels of RyR3 and RyR1 on the overall physiology of cultured myotubes and muscle fibers. Dyspedic myotubes were infected with RyR1 or RyR3 containing virions at 0.2, 0.4, 1.0, and 4.0 moieties of infection (MOI), and analysis of their pattern of expression, caffeine sensitivity, and resting free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]r) was performed. Although increased MOI resulted in increased expression of each receptor isoform, it did not significantly affect the immunopattern of RyRs or the expression levels of calsequestrin, triadin, or FKBP-12. Interestingly, myotubes expressing RyR3 always had significantly higher [Ca2+]r and lower caffeine EC50 than did cells expressing RyR1. Although some of the increased sensitivity of RyR3 to caffeine could be attributed to the higher [Ca 2+]r in RyR3-expressing cells, studies of [ 3H]ryanodine binding demonstrated intrinsic differences in caffeine sensitivity between RyR1 and RyR3. Tibialis anterior (TA) muscle fibers at different stages of postnatal development exhibited a transient increase in [Ca2+]r coordinately with their level of RyR3 expression. Similarly, adult soleus fibers, which also express RyR3, had higher [Ca 2+]r than did adult TA fibers, which exclusively express RyR1. These data show that in skeletal muscle, RyR3 increases [Ca 2+]r more than RyR1 does at any expression level. These data suggest that the coexpression of RyR1 and RyR3 at different levels may constitute a novel mechanism by which to regulate [Ca2+]r in skeletal muscle.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Issue number3 57-3
StatePublished - Mar 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Calcium release
  • Muscle fibers
  • Ryanodine binding
  • Ryanodine receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology


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