Exposition aux rodenticides chez les chouettes tachetée du nord et rayée dans les terres forestières éloignées du nord-ouest de la californie: Indice de contamination du réseau alimentaire

Translated title of the contribution: Exposure to rodenticides in northern spotted and barred owls on remote forest lands in northwestern california: Evidence of food web contamination

Mourad W. Gabriel, Lowell V. Diller, John P. Dumbacher, Greta M. Wengert, John M. Higley, Robert H Poppenga, Shannon Mendia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The documentation of anticoagulant rodenticides (AR) in nontarget species has centered around wildlife that inhabit urban or agricultural settings. However, recent studies in California have shown that AR use in remote forest settings has escalated and has exposed and killed forest carnivores. Anticoagulant rodenticides have been documented as physiological stressors for avian species. Northern Spotted Owl (Strix occidentalis caurina) critical and occupied habitat overlaps the areas where these studies occurred, yet no data were previously available to demonstrate whether this species was similarly affected. We investigated whether avian predators are also exposed to these specific pesticides and whether Barred Owls (Strix varia) may be a surrogate to indicate exposure rates in Northern Spotted Owls. We documented that 70% of Northern Spotted Owls and 40% of Barred Owls were exposed to one or more anticoagulant rodenticides. None of the rodent prey species sampled within the study area were positive for ARs. There were no spatial clusters for either low or high rates of exposure, though we detected low temporal trend early on throughout the study area. We hypothesize a recent change in land-use toward marijuana cultivation may have led to the increased use of AR in this area. This study demonstrates environmental contamination within occupied Northern Spotted Owl habitat and that Barred Owls can be used as adequate surrogates for detecting these pollutants in a rare species such as the Northern Spotted Owl. Furthermore, additional studies should focus on whether these pesticides are also affecting prey availability for these forest avian species.

Original languageFrench
Article number2
JournalAvian Conservation and Ecology
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

Fingerprint

anticoagulant
rodenticide
rodenticides
Strigiformes
food webs
food web
anticoagulants
pesticide
prey availability
pesticides
habitat
carnivore
rare species
Strix occidentalis
Strix
rodent
Cannabis sativa
nontarget organisms
contamination
land

Keywords

  • Anticoagulant rodenticides
  • Cannabis
  • Ecotoxicology
  • Environmental contamination
  • Forest toxicology
  • Invasive species
  • Marijuana
  • Poison
  • Prey
  • Raptor
  • Rodent

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Exposition aux rodenticides chez les chouettes tachetée du nord et rayée dans les terres forestières éloignées du nord-ouest de la californie : Indice de contamination du réseau alimentaire. / Gabriel, Mourad W.; Diller, Lowell V.; Dumbacher, John P.; Wengert, Greta M.; Higley, John M.; Poppenga, Robert H; Mendia, Shannon.

In: Avian Conservation and Ecology, Vol. 13, No. 1, 2, 01.06.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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