Exploring the limits of the zintl concept for the A14MPn11 structure type with M = Zn, Cd

Dianna M. Young, Charles C. Torardi, Marilyn M. Olmstead, Susan M. Kauzlarich

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Abstract

A14ZnSb11+x and A14CdSb11+x (A = Ca, Sr) are synthesized by reacting elements in a 14: 1:11 ratio at 1000°C. Low-temperature (130 K) single-crystal X-ray diffraction data shows that these compounds are tetragonal, space group I41/acd, Z = 8, and are structurally similar to previously studied A14MPn11 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba; M = Al, Ga, Mn; Pn = As, Sb, Bi) compounds. However, these Zn and Cd compounds with the exception of Sr14ZnSb11 contain additional Sb and cannot be understood according to simple Zintl electron counting rules. Low-temperature lattice parameters, R1(wR2) are Ca14ZnSb11.20, a = 16.778 (3), c = 22.088 (6) Å, R1(wR2) = 0.063 (0.115); Ca14CdSb11.43, a = 16.583 (3), c = 23.167 (7) Å, R1(wR2) = 0.0353 (0.0792); Sr14ZnSb11, a = 17.569 (5), c = 22.961 (6) Å, R1(wR2) = 0.0486 (0.0997); Sr14CdSb11.37, a = 17.637 (3), c = 23.163 (4) Å, R1(wR2) = 0.0627 (0.1435). Temperature-dependent resistivity measurements show that these materials are semiconducting in behavior with small activation energies: Ca14ZnSb11.20: Ea = 3.9(1) × 10-3 eV; Ca14CdSb11.43, Ea = 7.6(1) × 10-2 eV; Sr14ZnSb11, Ea = 1.5(1) × 10-2 eV; Sr14CdSb11.37, Ea = 1.1(1) × 10-2 eV. Several simple models are presented in order to understand the crystallographic results.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)93-101
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume7
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1995

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Temperature
Lattice constants
Activation energy
Single crystals
X ray diffraction
Electrons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Chemistry
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Young, D. M., Torardi, C. C., Olmstead, M. M., & Kauzlarich, S. M. (1995). Exploring the limits of the zintl concept for the A14MPn11 structure type with M = Zn, Cd. Chemistry of Materials, 7(1), 93-101.

Exploring the limits of the zintl concept for the A14MPn11 structure type with M = Zn, Cd. / Young, Dianna M.; Torardi, Charles C.; Olmstead, Marilyn M.; Kauzlarich, Susan M.

In: Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 7, No. 1, 1995, p. 93-101.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Young, DM, Torardi, CC, Olmstead, MM & Kauzlarich, SM 1995, 'Exploring the limits of the zintl concept for the A14MPn11 structure type with M = Zn, Cd', Chemistry of Materials, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 93-101.
Young, Dianna M. ; Torardi, Charles C. ; Olmstead, Marilyn M. ; Kauzlarich, Susan M. / Exploring the limits of the zintl concept for the A14MPn11 structure type with M = Zn, Cd. In: Chemistry of Materials. 1995 ; Vol. 7, No. 1. pp. 93-101.
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abstract = "A14ZnSb11+x and A14CdSb11+x (A = Ca, Sr) are synthesized by reacting elements in a 14: 1:11 ratio at 1000°C. Low-temperature (130 K) single-crystal X-ray diffraction data shows that these compounds are tetragonal, space group I41/acd, Z = 8, and are structurally similar to previously studied A14MPn11 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba; M = Al, Ga, Mn; Pn = As, Sb, Bi) compounds. However, these Zn and Cd compounds with the exception of Sr14ZnSb11 contain additional Sb and cannot be understood according to simple Zintl electron counting rules. Low-temperature lattice parameters, R1(wR2) are Ca14ZnSb11.20, a = 16.778 (3), c = 22.088 (6) {\AA}, R1(wR2) = 0.063 (0.115); Ca14CdSb11.43, a = 16.583 (3), c = 23.167 (7) {\AA}, R1(wR2) = 0.0353 (0.0792); Sr14ZnSb11, a = 17.569 (5), c = 22.961 (6) {\AA}, R1(wR2) = 0.0486 (0.0997); Sr14CdSb11.37, a = 17.637 (3), c = 23.163 (4) {\AA}, R1(wR2) = 0.0627 (0.1435). Temperature-dependent resistivity measurements show that these materials are semiconducting in behavior with small activation energies: Ca14ZnSb11.20: Ea = 3.9(1) × 10-3 eV; Ca14CdSb11.43, Ea = 7.6(1) × 10-2 eV; Sr14ZnSb11, Ea = 1.5(1) × 10-2 eV; Sr14CdSb11.37, Ea = 1.1(1) × 10-2 eV. Several simple models are presented in order to understand the crystallographic results.",
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T1 - Exploring the limits of the zintl concept for the A14MPn11 structure type with M = Zn, Cd

AU - Young, Dianna M.

AU - Torardi, Charles C.

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AU - Kauzlarich, Susan M.

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N2 - A14ZnSb11+x and A14CdSb11+x (A = Ca, Sr) are synthesized by reacting elements in a 14: 1:11 ratio at 1000°C. Low-temperature (130 K) single-crystal X-ray diffraction data shows that these compounds are tetragonal, space group I41/acd, Z = 8, and are structurally similar to previously studied A14MPn11 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba; M = Al, Ga, Mn; Pn = As, Sb, Bi) compounds. However, these Zn and Cd compounds with the exception of Sr14ZnSb11 contain additional Sb and cannot be understood according to simple Zintl electron counting rules. Low-temperature lattice parameters, R1(wR2) are Ca14ZnSb11.20, a = 16.778 (3), c = 22.088 (6) Å, R1(wR2) = 0.063 (0.115); Ca14CdSb11.43, a = 16.583 (3), c = 23.167 (7) Å, R1(wR2) = 0.0353 (0.0792); Sr14ZnSb11, a = 17.569 (5), c = 22.961 (6) Å, R1(wR2) = 0.0486 (0.0997); Sr14CdSb11.37, a = 17.637 (3), c = 23.163 (4) Å, R1(wR2) = 0.0627 (0.1435). Temperature-dependent resistivity measurements show that these materials are semiconducting in behavior with small activation energies: Ca14ZnSb11.20: Ea = 3.9(1) × 10-3 eV; Ca14CdSb11.43, Ea = 7.6(1) × 10-2 eV; Sr14ZnSb11, Ea = 1.5(1) × 10-2 eV; Sr14CdSb11.37, Ea = 1.1(1) × 10-2 eV. Several simple models are presented in order to understand the crystallographic results.

AB - A14ZnSb11+x and A14CdSb11+x (A = Ca, Sr) are synthesized by reacting elements in a 14: 1:11 ratio at 1000°C. Low-temperature (130 K) single-crystal X-ray diffraction data shows that these compounds are tetragonal, space group I41/acd, Z = 8, and are structurally similar to previously studied A14MPn11 (A = Ca, Sr, Ba; M = Al, Ga, Mn; Pn = As, Sb, Bi) compounds. However, these Zn and Cd compounds with the exception of Sr14ZnSb11 contain additional Sb and cannot be understood according to simple Zintl electron counting rules. Low-temperature lattice parameters, R1(wR2) are Ca14ZnSb11.20, a = 16.778 (3), c = 22.088 (6) Å, R1(wR2) = 0.063 (0.115); Ca14CdSb11.43, a = 16.583 (3), c = 23.167 (7) Å, R1(wR2) = 0.0353 (0.0792); Sr14ZnSb11, a = 17.569 (5), c = 22.961 (6) Å, R1(wR2) = 0.0486 (0.0997); Sr14CdSb11.37, a = 17.637 (3), c = 23.163 (4) Å, R1(wR2) = 0.0627 (0.1435). Temperature-dependent resistivity measurements show that these materials are semiconducting in behavior with small activation energies: Ca14ZnSb11.20: Ea = 3.9(1) × 10-3 eV; Ca14CdSb11.43, Ea = 7.6(1) × 10-2 eV; Sr14ZnSb11, Ea = 1.5(1) × 10-2 eV; Sr14CdSb11.37, Ea = 1.1(1) × 10-2 eV. Several simple models are presented in order to understand the crystallographic results.

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