Exploiting 2A peptides to elicit potent neutralizing antibodies by a multi-subunit herpesvirus glycoprotein complex

Felix Wussow, Flavia Chiuppesi, Zhuo Meng, Joy Martinez, Jenny Nguyen, Peter A Barry, Don J. Diamond

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Neutralizing antibodies (NAb) interfering with glycoprotein complex-mediated virus entry into host cells are thought to contribute to the protection against herpesvirus infection. However, using herpesvirus glycoprotein complexes as vaccine antigens can be complicated by the necessity of expressing multiple subunits simultaneously to allow efficient complex assembly and formation of conformational NAb epitopes. By using a novel bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) clone of the clinically deployable Modified Vaccinia Ankara (MVA) vector and exploiting ribosomal skipping mediated by 2A peptides, MVA vectors were generated that expressed self-processing subunits of the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) pentamer complex (PC) composed of gH, gL, UL128, UL130, and UL131A. These MVA vectors expressed 2A-linked HCMV PC subunits that were efficiently cleaved and transported to the cell surface as protein complexes forming conformational neutralizing epitopes. In addition, vaccination of mice by only two immunizations with these MVA vectors resulted in potent HCMV NAb responses that remained stable over a period of at least six months. This method of eliciting NAb by 2A-linked, self-processing HCMV PC subunits could contribute to develop a HCMV vaccine candidate and may serve as a template to facilitate the development of subunit vaccine strategies against other herpesviruses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-37
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Virological Methods
Volume251
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • 2A peptide
  • Artificial chromosome
  • Glycoprotein
  • Herpesvirus
  • Neutralizing antibody
  • Vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology

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