Experimental transmission of turkey viral hepatitis to day-old poults and identification of associated viral particles resembling picornaviruses.

P. N. Klein, A. E. Castro, C. U. Meteyer, B. Reynolds, J. A. Swartzman-Andert, G. Cooper, Richard P Chin, H L Shivaprasad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Turkey viral hepatitis (TVH) was experimentally reproduced in two experiments in 1-day-old poults. In the first experiment, an infectious inoculum was prepared from filtered yolk materials harvested from dead embryonating chicken eggs (ECE) previously inoculated with suspensions of liver and pancreas tissues collected from TVH-affected birds in commercial turkey flocks. One-day-old poults given a yolk-sac inoculation or oral gavage with this preparation developed lesions in the liver and pancreas characteristic of TVH at 20 days postinoculation (PI) in 60% and 14% of the experimentally infected birds, respectively. With the identical inoculum, embryo mortality occurred at 8 and 10 days PI in embryonating turkey eggs (ETE) inoculated into the yolk sac. In the second experiment, an infectious inoculum was prepared from filtered yolk materials from dead ETE harvested in the first experiment. One-day-old poults given a yolk-sac inoculation with this filtered yolk material developed lesions in the liver and pancreas within 5 days PI. At 20 days PI, 67% of the experimentally infected birds had similar lesions. With the inoculum given to these poults, embryo mortality occurred at 6, 8, and 10 days PI in ETE inoculated into the yolk sac. Virus particles 26-28 nm in diameter with icosahedral morphology typical of picornaviruses were identified by EM in the yolk sacs of ETE that died in both experiments, and inoculated ETE that died following passage of filtered suspensions of pancreatic tissues collected from affected birds in the first experiment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)115-125
Number of pages11
JournalAvian Diseases
Volume35
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Immunology
  • veterinary(all)

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