Experimental measles: I. Pathogenesis in the normal and the immunized host

Michael B. McChesney, Chris J Miller, Paul A. Rota, Yong De Zhu, Linda Antipa, Nicholas W. Lerche, Rafi Ahmed, William J. Bellini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

122 Scopus citations

Abstract

An animal model to study measles pathogenesis and the correlates of protective immunity was established using rhesus monkeys. A measles isolate, obtained during an epidemic of measles in the primate colony at the University of California, Davis, was passaged through rhesus monkeys and amplified in rhesus mononuelear cells to create a pathogenic virus stock. Sequence analysis of the nucleoprotein and hemagglutinin genes of this isolate revealed strong homology with the Chicago 89 strain of measles virus Conjunctival/intranasal inoculation of juvenile rhesus monkeys with this virus resulted in skin rash, pneumonia, and systemic infection with dissemination to other mucosal sites and to the lymphoid tissues. Inflammation and necrosis occurred in the lungs and lymphoid tissues and many cell types were infected with measles virus on Day 7 postinoculation (p.i.). The most commonly infected cell type was the B lymphocyte in lymphoid follicles. Measles antigen was found in follicular dendritic cells on Day 14 p.i. In contrast to naive monkeys infected with measles; virus, animals vaccinated with the attenuated Moraten strain did not develop clinical or pathologic signs of measles after challenge. However, moderate to marked hyperplasia occurred in the lymph nodes and spleen of a vaccinated animal on Day 7 after pathogenic virus challenge, suggesting that an effective measles vaccine limits but does not prevent infection with wild-type measles virus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)74-84
Number of pages11
JournalVirology
Volume233
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 23 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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    McChesney, M. B., Miller, C. J., Rota, P. A., Zhu, Y. D., Antipa, L., Lerche, N. W., Ahmed, R., & Bellini, W. J. (1997). Experimental measles: I. Pathogenesis in the normal and the immunized host. Virology, 233(1), 74-84. https://doi.org/10.1006/viro.1997.8576