Experimental infection of cats with Afipia felis and various Bartonella species or subspecies

Bruno B Chomel, Rickie W. Kasten, Matthew J. Stuckey, Edward B. Breitschwerdt, Ricardo G. Maggi, Jennifer B. Henn, Jane E. Koehler, Chao chin Chang

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10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Based upon prior studies, domestic cats have been shown to be the natural reservoir for Bartonella henselae, Bartonella clarridgeiae and Bartonella koehlerae. However, other Bartonella species, such as Bartonella vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii, Bartonella quintana or Bartonella bovis (ex weissii) have been either isolated from or Bartonella DNA sequences PCR amplified and sequenced. In the late 1980s, before B. henselae was confirmed as the etiological agent of cat scratch disease, Afipia felis had been proposed as the causative agent. In order to determine the feline susceptibility to A. felis, B. vinsonii subsp. berkhoffii, Bartonella rochalimae, B. quintana or B. bovis, we sought to detect the presence of bacteremia and seroconversion in experimentally-inoculated cats. Most of the cats seroconverted, but only the cats inoculated with B. rochalimae became bacteremic, indicating that cats are not natural hosts of A. felis or the other Bartonella species or subspecies tested in this study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)505-510
Number of pages6
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Volume172
Issue number3-4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 27 2014

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Keywords

  • Afipia felis
  • Bartonella
  • Cats
  • Experimental infection
  • Zoonosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Chomel, B. B., Kasten, R. W., Stuckey, M. J., Breitschwerdt, E. B., Maggi, R. G., Henn, J. B., Koehler, J. E., & Chang, C. C. (2014). Experimental infection of cats with Afipia felis and various Bartonella species or subspecies. Veterinary Microbiology, 172(3-4), 505-510. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vetmic.2014.05.033