Experimental clostridium perfringens type D enterotoxemia in goats

Francisco A Uzal, W. R. Kelly

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of intraduodenal administration of Clostridium perfringens cultures and culture products in goats were evaluated to develop a reliable experimental model of enterotoxemia in this species. Five conventionally reared, 11-16-week-old Angora goat kids were dosed intraduodenally with whole cultures of C. perfringens type D; five similar animals were dosed with C. perfringens type D filtered culture supernatant; and a third group of five kids was dosed with C. perfringens type D washed cells. Two kids were used as controls and received sterile, nontoxic culture medium intraduodenally. All animals received starch solution into the abomasum. All five kids inoculated with whole culture and three of five dosed with culture supernatant and with washed cells developed central nervous system signs. Diarrhea was observed in two of five kids inoculated with whole culture, in all five of those dosed with culture supernatant, and in three of five of those that received washed cells. The most striking postmortem findings consisted of lung edema, necrotizing pseudomembranous colitis, and cerebral vasogenic edema. The protocol thus provided a reasonable model of naturally occurring enterotoxemia in goats, producing a range of clinical signs and postmortem changes similar to those observed in the natural disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-140
Number of pages9
JournalVeterinary Pathology
Volume35
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Clostridium perfringens type D
  • Epsilon toxin
  • Experimental enterotoxemia
  • Goats

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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