Objective: A syngeneic, acute, double lung transplant model in the rat was used to determine the impact of exogenous surfactant treatment on graft function after prolonged cold storage. Methods: The donor grafts were flush perfused, preserved for 16 hours, and then reperfused for 120 minutes. Untreated lungs served as controls (group I). In group II the recipient received a 200 mg/kg dose of surfactant (CuroSurf) before reperfusion. In groups III and IV, surfactant was administered before perfusion and harvesting (III, 20 mg/kg; IV, 200 mg/kg). Serial measurements of graft pulmonary vascular resistance, alveolar-arterial oxygen difference, and compliance were obtained. Final graft assessment included weight gain and histologic study. Results: Repeated-measures analysis of variance showed significant improvement of graft performance in respect to compliance, alveolar-arterial oxygen difference, and pulmonary vascular resistance in donor surfactant treatment group IV (200 mg/kg) in comparison with recipient treatment (group II) and untreated controls (group I). Reducing the donor surfactant supplementation from 200 mg/kg to 20 mg/kg (group III) improved oxygenation and lung compliance as compared with untreated controls. Grafts in groups I and II had significantly more weight gain after 2 hours of reperfusion. Recipient treatment resulted in significantly more pulmonary hemorrhage in histologic sections. Conclusion: Donor treatment with exogenous surfactant is advantageous for preservation of graft function after extended ischemia. Positive effects may be seen with as little as 20 mg/kg of exogenous surfactant given before donor organ perfusion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine