Latex was injected under pressure into bronchial and pulmonary arteries of the inflated lungs of Thoroughbreds and transverse sections taken to calculate the area of lesions resulting from exercise‐induced pulmonary haemorrhage. Extensive areas of dense brown haemosiderin varying from 0 to 45 per cent of total lung volume were identified, predominantly in the dorsocaudal lungfields. Bronchial arterial proliferation appeared to have replaced the pulmonary supply in affected areas of the lung. Closely associated with the staining and bronchial arterialisation, there was widespread small airway disease. The most severely affected bronchioles contained thick gelatinous or mucous exudate or mucoid plugs and had grossly thickened walls. These lesions suggest that the source of haemorrhage in exercise‐induced pulmonary haemorrhage is from alveolar capilliaries anomalously supplied by the bronchial arterial circulation through the development of pathological shunts. Small airway disease is suggested as being of major importance in the pathogenesis of the disease and may have led to the initial proliferation of the bronchial circulation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Equine Veterinary Journal|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1987|
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