Exercise and CKD: Skeletal Muscle Dysfunction and Practical Application of Exercise to Prevent and Treat Physical Impairments in CKD

Baback Roshanravan, Jorge Gamboa, Kenneth Wilund

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with chronic kidney disease experience substantial loss of muscle mass, weakness, and poor physical performance. As kidney disease progresses, skeletal muscle dysfunction forms a common pathway for mobility limitation, loss of functional independence, and vulnerability to disease complications. Screening for those at high risk for mobility disability by self-reported and objective measures of function is an essential first step in developing an interdisciplinary approach to treatment that includes rehabilitative therapies and counseling on physical activity. Exercise has beneficial effects on systemic inflammation, muscle, and physical performance in chronic kidney disease. Kidney health providers need to identify patient and care delivery barriers to exercise in order to effectively counsel patients on physical activity. A thorough medical evaluation and assessment of baseline function using self-reported and objective function assessment is essential to guide an effective individualized exercise prescription to prevent function decline in persons with kidney disease. This review focuses on the impact of kidney disease on skeletal muscle dysfunction in the context of the disablement process and reviews screening and treatment strategies that kidney health professionals can use in clinical practice to prevent functional decline and disability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)837-852
Number of pages16
JournalAmerican Journal of Kidney Diseases
Volume69
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CKD
  • ESRD
  • exercise
  • frailty
  • Kidney disease
  • muscle
  • muscle dysfunction
  • older adults
  • physical function
  • prevention
  • recommendations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology

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