Executive function deficits in high-functioning autistic individuals: Relationship to theory of mind

Sally J Ozonoff, B. F. Pennington, Sally J Rogers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1094 Scopus citations

Abstract

A group of high-functioning autistic individuals was compared to a clinical control group matched on VIQ age, sex and SES. Significant group differences were found on executive function, theory of mind, emotion perception and verbal memory tests, but not on spatial or other control measures. Second-order theory of mind and executive function deficits were widespread among the autistic group, while first-order theory of mind deficits were found in only a subset of the sample. The relationship of executive function and theory of mind deficits to each other, and their primacy to autism, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1081-1105
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
Volume32
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

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