Excitotoxin-induced neuronal degeneration and seizure are mediated by tissue plasminogen activator

Stella E. Tsirka, Anna Gualandris, David G Amaral, Sidney Strickland

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Abstract

NEURONAL degeneration in the hippocampus, a region of the brain important for acquisition of memory in humans, occurs in various pathological conditions, including Alzheimer's disease, brain ischaemia and epilepsy. When neuronal activity is stimulated in the adult rat and mouse hippocampus, tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), a serine protease that converts inactive plasminogen to the active protease plasmin, is transcriptionally induced1,2. The activity of tPA in neural tissue is correlated with neurite outgrowth3, regeneration4 and migration5, suggesting that it might be involved in neuronal plasticity. Here we show that tPA is produced primarily by microglia in the hippocampus. Using excitotoxins to induce neuronal cell loss, we demonstrate that tPA-deficient mice are resistant to neuronal degeneration. These mice are also less susceptible to pharmacologically induced seizures than wild-type mice. These findings identify a role for tPA in neuronal degeneration and seizure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)341-344
Number of pages4
JournalNature
Volume377
Issue number6547
StatePublished - Sep 28 1995
Externally publishedYes

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    Tsirka, S. E., Gualandris, A., Amaral, D. G., & Strickland, S. (1995). Excitotoxin-induced neuronal degeneration and seizure are mediated by tissue plasminogen activator. Nature, 377(6547), 341-344.