Ex Vivo Selection and Expansion of Cells Based on Expression of a Mutated Inosine Monophosphate Dehydrogenase 2 after HIV Vector Transduction: Effects on Lymphocytes, Monocytes, and CD34+ Stem Cells

Priscilla Yam, Michael Jensen, Ramesh Akkina, Joseph S Anderson, Maria C. Villacres, Jerry Wu, John A. Zaia, Jiing Kuan Yee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs) represent an ideal target for gene therapy treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. However, gene delivery into quiescent HPCs by retroviral or lentiviral vectors remains relatively poor. We evaluated a selection scheme based on the expression of a variant of inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase 2 (IMPDH2), the rate-limiting enzyme in the de novo purine biosynthesis pathway. As lymphocytes depend more than other cell types on de novo synthesis of purines, IMPDH inhibitors such as mycophenolic acid (MPA) can selectively expand lymphocytes overexpressing the enzymes. We used HIV vectors to deliver an IMPDH variant into T cells and HPCs. We showed that the transduced T cells became resistant to MPA selection. By expressing a short hairpin RNA gene targeted to the HIV gag transcript, the MPA-selected T cells became resistant to HIV-1 infection. Monocyte/macrophages derived from the transduced HPCs differentiated normally and exhibited normal function as measured by B7 up-regulation and phagocytosis when stimulated. Our results suggest that this system may be applicable as a selection strategy to enrich transduced T lymphocytes and mononuclear cells in vivo for HIV gene therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)236-244
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Therapy
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CD34 cells
  • expansion IMPDH2
  • mycophenolic acid
  • selection
  • T cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology

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