Evolving mechanistic views and emerging therapeutic strategies for cystic fibrosis-related diabetes

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6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Diabetes is a common and important complication of cystic fibrosis, an autosomal recessive genetic disease due to mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes (CFRD) is associated with profound detrimental effects on the disease course and mortality and is expected to increase in prevalence as the survival of patients with cystic fibrosis continues to improve. Despite progress in the functional characterization of CFTR molecular defects, the mechanistic basis of CFRD is not well understood, in part because of the relative inaccessibility of the pancreatic tissue and the limited availability of representative animal models. This review presents a concise overview of the current understanding of CFRD pathogenesis and provides a cutting-edge update on novel findings from human and animal studies. Potential contributions from paracrine mechanisms and β-cell compensatory mechanisms are highlighted, as well as functional β-cell and α-cell defects, incretin defects, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, and loss of islet cell mass. State-ofthe- art and emerging treatment options are explored, including advances in insulin administration, CFTR modulators, cell replacement, gene replacement, and gene editing therapies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1386-1400
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the Endocrine Society
Volume1
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Beta cell
  • CFRD
  • CFTR
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Diabetes
  • Pancreatic insufficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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