Évolution de la résistance bactérienne envers certains agents antibactériens chez les chevaux dans un centre hospitalier vétérinaire

Translated title of the contribution: Evolution of bacterial resistance to certain antibacterial agents in horses in a veterinary hospital

Mathieu Peyrou, Robert Higgins, Jean Pierre Lavoie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A total of 255 antibiograms, conducted according to the Kirby-Bauer method from bacterial isolates collected from horses at the Hôpital Vétérinaire d'Enseignement at the Université de Montréal between 1996 and 1998 were compared with the results obtained about 10 years ago with corresponding bacterial species. A significant increase in the percentage of strains resistant to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SXT), penicilline, tetracycline, and to gentamicin was observed. The percentages of isolates of Actinobacillus spp. and coagulase-positive staphylococci resistant to TMP-SXT increased from 0% to 17% and from 0% to 33%, respectively, (P < 0.05). The percentage of isolates of Actinobacillus spp resistant to penicilline also increased from 33% to 73% (P < 0.05). Regular monitoring of the evolution of bacterial resistance to antibacterial agents is indispensable in a hospital structure. The adoption of "good antibiotherapy practices" is essential to guarantee a decrease in the risks of selection and dissemination of a resistant bacterial strain.

Original languageFrench
Pages (from-to)978-981
Number of pages4
JournalCanadian Veterinary Journal
Volume44
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Actinobacillus
Thymidine Monophosphate
Animal Hospitals
veterinary clinics
Horses
antibiotics
Anti-Bacterial Agents
horses
coagulase positive staphylococci
sulfamethoxazole
Coagulase
trimethoprim
Sulfamethoxazole Drug Combination Trimethoprim
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
gentamicin
Gentamicins
Tetracycline
Staphylococcus
tetracycline
drug therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Évolution de la résistance bactérienne envers certains agents antibactériens chez les chevaux dans un centre hospitalier vétérinaire. / Peyrou, Mathieu; Higgins, Robert; Lavoie, Jean Pierre.

In: Canadian Veterinary Journal, Vol. 44, No. 12, 01.12.2003, p. 978-981.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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